Cluster Computing

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 1311–1329 | Cite as

An empirical evaluation of energy-aware load balancing technique for cloud data center

  • Nidhi Jain KansalEmail author
  • Inderveer Chana


Load balancing is one of the main challenges in cloud computing, to dynamically distribute the workload across multiple nodes to ensure that no node is either overloaded or underloaded. This paper presents a novel energy-aware load balancing technique that uses an amalgamation of the Artificial Bee Colony and the Firefly algorithms. This technique aspires to balance the load of the cloud infrastructure while trying to maximize the energy efficiency through the efficient usage of the cloud resources. The proposed load balancing technique has been executed in the actual data center of BSNL, Chandigarh. The competence of the proposed technique is exhibited by comparing it with the three standard techniques namely RR, FFD and ACO. The experimentation results show that the proposed algorithm outperformed the existing approach, followed in the data center and the other two approaches. It saved 40.47% of the average energy consumption, which is accomplished by improving CPU utilization level by 49.68%, memory utilization level by 24.41%, reducing VM migrations by 63.10% and saving 53.21% of nodes. The improved results illustrate that the proposed technique effectively balances the load, thereby curtailing the energy consumption and enhancing the performance levels of the cloud data center.


Energy-aware Green computing Load balancing Resource utilization Virtual machine migration 



This research is conducted at Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL), GSM Billing Data center, Chandigarh, India. The researchers gratefully acknowledge the generous assistance provided by the BSNL and its staff. We also express our appreciation to the organization for granting us an opportunity to work on its infrastructure.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringThapar UniversityPatialaIndia

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