Cluster Computing

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 1069–1078 | Cite as

Association between in-game performance parameters recorded via global positioning system and sports injuries to the lower extremities in elite female field hockey players

  • Taegyu Kim
  • Jung-Hoon Cha
  • Jong-Chul ParkEmail author


Injuries to the lower extremities were common in female field hockey players. This study aimed to determine the potential association between in-game performance parameters recorded via global positioning system (GPS) and non-contact knee and ankle injuries in elite female field hockey players. Thirty two elite female field hockey players free from sports injuries of the knee and ankle joint were participated in this study. GPS tracking was used to record the distance covered while running at various speeds, time spent sprinting, and maximum speed during the international competitions (December 2015–June 2016). And all injury events were also recorded. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the independent t-test, and binary logistic regression. Low-intensity running distance was significantly higher in players who did not experience injury throughout the duration of the study (\(t = 2.182,\, p = 0.037\)). The risk for in-game knee injury decreased with increasing distance covered while running at low speed (odds ratio = 0.8; 95% confidence interval = 0.6–1.0; \(\chi ^{2} = 3.964;\, p = 0.046\)). Our findings can be applied to develop strategies for preventing sports-related injuries during field hockey competitions, and confirm the utility of GPS technology for real-time monitoring of fast and complex movement.


Global positioning system Sports injury Performance parameter Female field hockey 



No funding was been received for the study of the preparation of this manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest directly relevant to this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sports MedicineTaereung National Training Center of the Korean Olympic CommitteeSeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Community SportsKorea National Sport UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of Sport ScienceKorea Institute of Sport ScienceSeoulRepublic of Korea

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