Building capacities of women for climate change adaptation: Insights from migrant-sending households in Nepal

  • Soumyadeep BanerjeeEmail author
  • Abid Hussain
  • Sabarnee Tuladhar
  • Arabinda Mishra


Women’s capacities are often constrained due to their roles in their household and society, institutional barriers and social norms. These constraints result in low adaptive capacity of women, which make them more vulnerable to hazards. As more men seek employment opportunities away from home, women are required to acquire new capacities to manage new challenges, including risks from climate change. An action research was conducted to assess impacts of capacity building interventions for women left behind in enhancing adaptive capacity of migrant-sending households in rural areas vulnerable to floods in Nepal. This study finds that capacity-building interventions, which aimed to strengthen autonomous adaptation measures (e.g. precautionary savings and flood preparedness), also positively influenced women to approach formal institutions. Besides, the intervention households were more likely to invest a part of the precautionary savings in flood preparedness measures than control households.


Adaptation Climate Change Remittances Women Capacity-building interventions 



This paper is based on research supported by the Rural Livelihoods and Climate Change Adaptation in the Himalayas (Himalica) Programme, which was implemented by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and funded by the European Union. The authors appreciate the encouragement from Dr. Surendra Raj Joshi (ICIMOD) and Dr. Ganesh Gurung (Nepal Institute of Development Studies/NIDS) as well as constructive feedback from Dr. Suman Bisht (ICIMOD), Mr. Ghulam Shah (ICIMOD) and Dr. Bidhubhusan Mahapatra. The authors would like to thank Mr. Sanjay Sharma, Mr. Ram Basnet, Mr. Mahendra Gurung, and NIDS’s district team for their invaluable support to this research. The authors appreciate the support from Centre for the Study of Labour and Mobility and Shodhashala in data collection. The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their helpful feedback. The views and interpretations in this paper are those of the authors and are not necessarily attributable to ICIMOD and European Union.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)KathmanduNepal

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