An assessment of the potential impacts of climate change on freshwater habitats and biota of Indiana, USA
Recent climate-driven, physico-chemical changes documented in aquatic systems throughout the world are expected to intensify in the future. Specifically, changes in key environmental attributes of aquatic systems, such as water quantity, clarity, temperatures, ice cover, seasonal flow regimes, external loading, and oxygen content, will undoubtedly have a broad set of direct and indirect ecological consequences. Some anticipated impacts may be similar across different aquatic ecosystems, while others may be system-specific. Here, we review the potential effects of climatic changes for different freshwater habitats within the state of Indiana, USA, a Midwestern state with diverse land and water features. Given this heterogeneity and that the state is among the southernmost states of the US Midwest, evaluation of freshwater habitats of Indiana provides a useful perspective on potential impacts of climate change. In our study, we first review expected or anticipated changes to physico-chemical and habitat conditions in wetlands, lotic systems, small glacial lakes and Lake Michigan. We then highlight anticipated responses of select aquatic biota to these changes. We describe how climatic changes may interact with other anthropogenic stressors affecting freshwater habitats and consider the potential for evolutionary adaptation of freshwater aquatic organisms to mediate any responses. Given anticipated changes, we suggest aquatic ecosystem managers take a precautionary approach broadly applicable in temperate regions to (a) conserve a diversity of aquatic habitats, (b) enhance species diversity and both inter- and intra-population genetic variation, and (c) limit stressors which may exacerbate the risk of decline for aquatic biota.
This paper is a contribution to the Indiana Climate Change Impacts Assessment (INCCIA).
All authors contributed to overall report structure, drafted individual sections, and edited the entire manuscript. Höök and Foley assembled individual author contributions and organized the manuscript.
The INCCIA is organized and financially supported by the Purdue Climate Change Research Center.
- Brandt SB, Mason DM, McCormick MJ, Lofgren B, Hunter TS, Tyler JA (2002) Climate change: implications for fish growth performance in the Great Lakes. In: McGinn NA (ed) Fisheries in a changing climate. American Fisheries Society Symposium. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 32, Bethesda, Maryland, USA, pp 61–75Google Scholar
- Byun K, Hamlet AF (2018) Projected changes in future climate over the Midwest and Great Lakes region using downscaled CMIP5 ensembles, Int J Climatol 38(Suppl.1):e531–e553. https://rmets.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/joc.5388 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Cherkauer et al This issueGoogle Scholar
- Falconer DS, Mackay TFC (1996) Introduction to quantitative genetics. Longman, EssexGoogle Scholar
- Hall KR (2014) In: Winkler JA, Andresen JA, Hatfield JL, Bidwell D, Brown D (eds) Impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems. In: Climate change in the Midwest: a synthesis report for the national climate assessment. Island Press, Washington, D.C., pp 83–133Google Scholar
- Hamlet A, Byun K, Robeson S, Widhalm M, Baldwin M. Impacts of climate change on the state of Indiana: ensemble future projections based on statistical downscaling. Climatic Change (in press). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-018-2309-9
- Hill DK, Magnuson JJ (1990) Potential effects of global climate warming on the growth and prey consumption of Great Lakes fish. Trans Am Fish Soc 119:265–275. https://doi.org/10.1577/1548-8659(1990)119<0265:peogcw>2.3.co;2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Honsey A, Donabauer S, Höök TO (2016b) An analysis of lake morphometric and land use characteristics that promote persistence of Cisco Coregonus artedi in Indiana. Trans Am Fish Soc 154:363–373Google Scholar
- Hoverman JT, Paull SH, Johnson PTJ (2013) Does climate change increase the risk of disease? Analyzing published literature to detect climate-disease interactions. In: Seastedt TR, Suding K (eds) Climate vulnerability: understanding and addressing threats to essential resources. Elsevier, Oxford, pp 61–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- IN DNR 1989. Indiana Department of Natural Resources (1989) Wetlands: Indiana’s endangered natural resource: an appendix to Indiana outdoor recreation 1989: an assessment and policy plan. Indiana Dep. Natur. Resources, Div. Outdoor Recreation, Indianapolis, Indiana, 19 ppGoogle Scholar
- Jeppesen E, Kronvang B, Meerhoff M, Søndergaard M, Hansen KM, Andersen HE, Lauridsen TL, Liboriussen L, Beklioglu M, Özen A, Olesen JE (2009) Climate change effects on runoff, catchment phosphorus loading and lake ecological state, and potential adaptations. J Environ Qual 38:1930–1941CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kling GW et al (2003) Confronting climate change in the Great Lakes region. Impacts on our communities and ecosystems. 2003. Union of Concerned Scientists, Cambridge, MA, and Ecological Society of America, Washington, 104ppGoogle Scholar
- Lodato MJ, Engbrecht NJ, Klueh-Mundy S, Walker Z (2014) The green treefrog, Hyla cinerea (Schneider), in Indiana. Proc Indiana Acad Sci 123:179–195Google Scholar
- National Audubon Society (2013) Developing a management model of the effects of future climate change on species: a tool for the landscape conservation cooperatives. Unpublished report prepared for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2Google Scholar
- Wang J, Kessler J, Hang F, Hu H, Clites AH, Chu P (2017) Great Lakes ice climatology update of winters 2012–2017: seasonal cycle, interannual variability, decadal variability, and trend for the period 1973-2017. In: NOAA Technical Memorandum GLERL-170. NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/tech_reports/glerl-170/tm-170.pdf Google Scholar
- Widhalm M, Robeson S, Hall B, Baldwin M, Coleman J (2018) Indiana’s climate trends: a resource for the Indiana climate change impacts assessment. Prepared for the Indiana Climate Change Impacts Assessment, Purdue Climate Change Research CenterGoogle Scholar
- Wingspread Statement on the Precautionary Principle (1998) https://www.sehn.org/precautionary-principle-understanding-science-in-regulation. Accessed 13 Aug 2019