Climatic Change

, Volume 139, Issue 3–4, pp 609–622 | Cite as

A 258-year reconstruction of precipitation for southern Northeast China and the northern Korean peninsula

  • Zhenju Chen
  • Xingyuan He
  • Nicole K. Davi
  • Xianliang Zhang


We present a well-verified precipitation reconstruction (r = 0.612, p < 0.01), spanning 1741 to 1998, for a relatively humid monsoon region from southern Northeast China and the northern Korean peninsula, based on tree rings from Chinese pine and Korean pine. We then investigate the variability of the reconstruction, and identify the leading rainfall patterns and regional dryness and wetness modes during the latest 2.5 centuries. This reconstruction shows that three persistent dry decades occurred during the 1840s, 1910s and 1850s and the three wettest decades occurred during the 1770s, 1820s and 1930s. The five years with lowest rainfall were 1759, 1917, 1841, 1747 and 1839, and 1770, 1938, 1819, 1941 and 1822 were the five years with highest rainfall, respectively. As indicated by the spatial correlation patterns, the reconstruction also exhibits regional characteristics. The variation of reconstructed rainfall significantly corresponds to East Asian monsoon.


Tree Ring East Asian Summer Monsoon East Asian Monsoon Winter East Asian Monsoon Changbai Mountain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China Project 41271066, 31570632, 41571094 and 41601045, and the US National Science Foundation Project AGS-PRF: #1137729. Dr. Steve W. Leavitt helped to improve this work. We thank contributors of Korean tree-ring data.

Supplementary material

10584_2016_1796_MOESM1_ESM.doc (689 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 689 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhenju Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xingyuan He
    • 2
  • Nicole K. Davi
    • 3
    • 4
  • Xianliang Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Tree-Ring Laboratory, Forestry College/ Research Station of Liaohe-River Plain Forest Ecosystem CFERNShenyang Agricultural UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.Qingyuan Forest CERNChinese Academy of SciencesShenyangChina
  3. 3.Tree-Ring Laboratory, Lamont-Doherty Earth ObservatoryColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Department of Environmental ScienceWilliam Paterson UniversityWayneUSA

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