Climatic Change

, Volume 140, Issue 1, pp 19–32 | Cite as

Including indigenous peoples in climate change mitigation: addressing issues of scale, knowledge and power

Article

Abstract

Involving indigenous peoples in the development of mitigation measures for climate change presents procedural, conceptual and structural challenges. Here, we reflect on some of these challenges and ways of overcoming them, as suggested by collaborative approaches to policy and decision making. We specifically focus on issues of scale, knowledge and power, and how they interrelate to act as a barrier or opportunity for the involvement of indigenous groups. We argue that multi-scalar negotiations, blended knowledge and power-sharing structures are all necessary to include indigenous communities as valuable partners in climate change mitigation, and we suggest strategies and recommendations for actively accomplishing this inclusion. Examples from recent literature about the inclusion of indigenous communities in different sectors, are used to illustrate and provide evidence of the current problematic and the need for collaborative solutions. Overall, the ideas expressed here, serve as a conceptual framework to better understand and support the inclusion of indigenous communities in policy and decision making processes.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are indebted for the constructive comments and suggestions received by four anonymous referees throughout the review process of this manuscript.

References

  1. Alvesson M, Deetz S (2006) 1.7 critical theory and postmodernism approaches to organizational studies. The Sage handbook of organization studies, 255Google Scholar
  2. Argyris C, Schön DA (1978) Organizational learning: a theory of action perspective. Addison-Wesley, ReadingGoogle Scholar
  3. Arnstein S (1969) A ladder of participation. J Am Plan Assoc 35(4):216–224Google Scholar
  4. Barrett MJ (2013) Enabling hybrid space: epistemological diversity in socio-ecological problem solving. Policy Sci 46:179–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Berkes F (2007) Community-based conservation in a globalized world. PNAS 104(39):15188–15193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bouwen R, Taillieu T (2004) Multi-party collaboration as social learning for interdependence: developing relational knowing for sustainable natural resource management. J Community Appl Soc Psychol 14:137–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brugnach M, Ingram H (2012) Ambiguity: the challenge of knowing and deciding together. Environ Sci Pol 15(1):60–71. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2011.10.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Brugnach M, Dewulf A, Henriksen H-J, van der Keur P (2011) More is not always better: coping with ambiguity in natural resources management. J Environ Manag 92(1):78–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Campbell A, Clark S, Coad L, Miles L, Bolt K, Roe D (2008) Protecting the future: carbon, forests, protected areas and local livelihoods. Biodiversity 9(3–4):117–121. doi:10.1080/14888386.2008.9712916 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cash DW, Adger WN, Berkes F, Garden P, Lebel L, Olsson P (2006) Scale and cross-scale dynamics: governance and information in a multilevel world. Ecol Soc 11(2), article 8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Castillo AR, McLean KG, Raygorodetsky G, Eickemeier P, Minx J, Monagle C, Johnston S (2012) Climate change mitigation with local communities and indigenous peoples: practices, lessons learned and prospects. Proceedings of the international expert workshop Climate Change Mitigation with Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples. United Nations University – Traditional Knowledge Initiative, DarwinGoogle Scholar
  12. Chhatre A, Agrawal A (2009) Trade-offs and synergies between carbon storage and livelihood benefits from forest commons. Proc Natl Acad Sci. doi:10.1073/pnas.0905308106 Google Scholar
  13. Cochran P, Huntington OH, Pungowiyi C, Tom S, Chapin FS, Huntington HP, Trainor SF (2013) Indigenous frameworks for observing and responding to climate change in Alaska. Clim Chang 120(3):557–567CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Colchester M (2004) Conservation policy and indigenous peoples. Environ Sci Pol 7(3):145–153. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2004.02.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Collins K, Ison R (2009) Jumping off Arnstein’s ladder: social learning as a new policy paradigm for climate change adaptation. Environ Policy Governance 19(6):358–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Cooke B (1998) Participation, “process” and management: lessons for development in the history of Organization Development. J Int Dev 10(1):35–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Cotula L, Dyer N, Vermeulen S (2008) Fuelling exclusion? The biofuels boom and poor people’s access to land. IIED & FAO, LondonGoogle Scholar
  18. Craps M, Dewulf A, Mancero M, Santos E, Bouwen R (2004) Constructing common ground and re-creating differences between professional and indigenous communities in the Andes. J Community Appl Soc Psychol 14(5):378–393. doi:10.1002/casp.796 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Dewulf A, Craps M, Bouwen R, Abril F, Zhingri M (2005) How indigenous farmers and university engineers create actionable knowledge for sustainable irrigation. Action Res 3(2):175–192. doi:10.1177/1476750305052141 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Dewulf A, Brugnach M, Termeer C and Ingram H (2013) Bridging Knowledge Frames and Networks in Climate and Water Governance. In Edelenbos J, Bressers N, Scholten P (eds) Water Governance as Connective Capacity. Ashgate, p 229–247Google Scholar
  21. Forsyth T (2010) Panacea or paradox? Cross-sector partnerships, climate change, and development. Wiley Interdiscip Rev Clim Chang 1(5):683–696CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Fung A (2006) Varieties of participation in complex governance. Public Adm Rev (December), 66–75Google Scholar
  23. Gray B (1989) Collaborating. Finding Common Ground for Multi-Party Problems. Jossey-Bass, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  24. Gray B (2004) Strong opposition: frame-based resistance to collaboration. J Community Appl Soc Psychol 14:166–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Gray B (2007) The process of partnership construction: anticipating obstacles and enhancing the likelihood of successful partnerships for sustainable development. In: Glasbergen P, Biermann F, Mol APJ (eds) Partnerships, governance and sustainable development. Edward Elgar, CheltenhamGoogle Scholar
  26. Green D, Raygorodetsky G (2010) Indigenous knowledge of a changing climate. Clim Chang 100(2):239–242. doi:10.1007/s10584-010-9804-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Gregory R, Trousdale W (2009) Compensating aboriginal cultural losses: an alternative approach to assessing environmental damages. J Environ Manag 90:2469–2479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Gupta A, Lövbrand E, Turnhout E, Vijge MJ (2012) In pursuit of carbon accountability: the politics of REDD + measuring, repor2ting and verification systems. Curr Opin Environ Sustain 4(6):726–731. doi:10.1016/j.cosust.2012.10.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hammer C, Jintiach JC, Tsakimp R (2013) Practical developments in law science and policy: efforts to protect the traditional knowledge and practices of the Shuar, an indigenous people in the Ecuadorian Amazon. Policy Sci 46:125–141. doi:10.1007/s11077012-9166-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hegger D, Lamers M, van Zeijl-Royema A, Dieperink C (2012) Conceptualizing joint knowledge production in regional climate change adaptation projects: success conditions and levels for action. Environ Sci Policy 18:52–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Hulme M (2010) Problems with making and governing global kind of knowledge. Glob Environ Chang 20:558–564CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Huxham C, Vangen S (2005) Managing to collaborate. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  33. Huxham C, Vangen S, Eden C (2000) The challenge of collaborative governance. Public Manag Rev 2:337–358. doi:10.1080/14719030000000021 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ingram H (2013) No universal remedies: design for contexts. Water Int 38(1):6–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. IPCC AR4 (2007) 4th Assessment Report: Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeGoogle Scholar
  36. Koppenjan JFM, Klijn E (2004) A network approach to problem solving and decision making. Routledge, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  37. Lawrence A (2009) The first Cuckoo in winter: phenology, recording, credibility and meaning in Britain. Glob Environ Chang 19:173–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Lynch AH, Griggs D, Joachim L, Walker J (2013) The role of the Yorta Yorta people in clarifying the common interest in sustainable management of the Murray–Darling Basin, Australia. Policy Sci 46(2):109–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Naess LO (2013) The role of local knowledge in adaptation to climate change. Wiley Interdiscip Rev Clim Chang 4(2):99–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Newton J, Paci CDJ, Ogden A (2005) Climate change and natural hazards in Northern Canada: integrating indigenous perspectives with government policy. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Chang 10(3):541–571CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Nyong A, Adesina F, Osman Elasha B (2007) The value of indigenous knowledge in climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies in the African Sahel. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Chang 12(5):787–797. doi:10.1007/s11027-007-9099-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Okereke C, Dooley K (2010) Principles of justice in proposals and policy approaches to avoided deforestation: towards a post-Kyoto climate agreement. Glob Environ Chang 20(1):82–95. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2009.08.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Palomino L, Hernandez G (2012) Más allá de la economía verde : desarrollo y sostenibilidad en América Latina. ALOP, MexicoGoogle Scholar
  44. Pretty J (1995) Participatory learning for sustainable agriculture. World Dev 23(8):1247–1263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Quaghebeur K, Masschelein JAN, Nguyen HH (2004) Paradox of participation: giving or taking part? J Community Appl Soc Psychol 14(February):154–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Reo NJ, Parker AK (2013) Re-thinking colonialism to prepare for the impacts of rapid environmental change. Clim Chang 120(3):671–682. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0783-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Revkin A (1990) The burning season: the murder of Chico Mendes and the fight for the Amazon rainforest. Island Press, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  48. Rodríguez S (2006) Acequia: water sharing, sanctity and place. School for Advanced Research Press, Santa FeGoogle Scholar
  49. Roosvall A, Tegelberg M (2013) Framing climate change and indigenous peoples: intermediaries of urgency, spirituality and de-nationalization. Int Commun Gaz 75(4):392–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Salick J, Ross N (2009) Traditional peoples and climate change. Glob Environ Chang 19:137–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Schruijer, Vansina (2008) Working across organizational boundaries: understanding and working with the psychological dynamics. In: Vansina LS, Vansina-Cobbaert M-J (eds) Psychodynamics for consultant and managers. Wiley, LondonGoogle Scholar
  52. Smith HA, Sharp K (2012) Indigenous climate knowledges. Wiley Interdiscip Rev Clim Chang 3(5):467–476. doi:10.1002/wcc.185 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Somorin OA, Brown HCP, Visseren-Hamakers IJ, Sonwa DJ, Arts B, Nkem J (2012) The Congo Basin forests in a changing climate: policy discourses on adaptation and mitigation (REDD+). Glob Environ Chang 22(1):288–298. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.08.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Stacey R (2000) The emergence of knowledge in organizations. Emergence 2(4):23–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Termeer C, Dewulf A (2014) Governance of wicked climate adaptation problems. In: Knieling J, Leal Filho W (eds) Climate change governance. Springer, Berlin, pp 27–39. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-29831-8 Google Scholar
  56. Turner N, Gregory R, Brooks C, Failing L, Satterfield T (2008) From invisibility to transparency: identifying the implications. Ecol Soc 13:2, http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol13/iss2/art7/ Google Scholar
  57. Weick K (1995) Sensemaking in organizations. Sage Publications, Thousand OaksGoogle Scholar
  58. Whyte KP (2013) Justice forward: tribes, climate adaptation and responsibility. Clim Chang 1–14. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0743-2
  59. Wilbanks TJ, Kates RW (1999) Global change in local places: how scale matters. Clim Chang 43:601–628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Williams T, Hardison P (2013) Culture, law, risk and governance: contexts of traditional knowledge in climate change adaptation. Clim Chang 531–544. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0850-0
  61. Wolff J (2012) The new constitutions and transformation of democracy in Bolivia and Ecuador. In: Detlef N, Schilling-Vacaflor (eds) New constitutionalism in Latin-America: promises and practices. Ashgate, Farnham, pp 183–202Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering TechnologyUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Center for Economics and Corporate SustainabilityKU Leuven @ Campus BrusselsBrusselsBelgium
  3. 3.Public Administration and Policy GroupWageningen UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations