Advertisement

Climatic Change

, Volume 126, Issue 3–4, pp 365–379 | Cite as

Combined effects of elevated [CO2] and high temperature on leaf mineral balance in Coffea spp. plants

  • Lima D. Martins
  • Marcelo A. Tomaz
  • Fernando C. Lidon
  • Fábio M. DaMatta
  • José C. RamalhoEmail author
Article

Abstract

Modelling studies predicted that climate change will have strong impacts on the coffee crop, although no information on the effective impact of elevated CO2 on this plant exists. Here, we aim at providing a first glimpse on the effect of the combined impact of enhanced [CO2] and high temperature on the leaf mineral content and balance on this important tropical crop. Potted plants from two genotypes of Coffea arabica (cv. Icatu and IPR 108) and one from C. canephora (cv. Conilon Clone 153) were grown under 380 or 700 μL CO2 L−1 air, for 1 year, after which were exposed to an stepwise increase in temperature from 25/20 °C (day/night) up to 42/34 °C, over 8 weeks. Leaf macro − (N, P, K, Ca, Mg, S) and micronutrients (B, Cu, Fe, Mn, Zn) concentrations were analyzed at 25/20 °C (control), 31/25 °C, 37/30 °C and 42/34 °C. At the control temperature, the 700 μL L−1 grown plants showed a moderate dilution effect (between 7 % and 25 %) in CL 153 (for N, Mg, Ca, Fe) and Icatu (for N, K and Fe), but not in IPR 108 (except for Fe) when compared to the 380 μL L−1 plants. For temperatures higher than control most nutrients tended to increase, frequently presenting maximal contents at 42/34 °C (or 37/30 °C), although the relation between [CO2] treatments did not appreciably change. Such increases offset the few dilution effects observed under high growth [CO2] at 25/20 °C. No clear species responses were found considering [CO2] and temperature impacts, although IPR 108 seemed less sensitive to [CO2]. Despite the changes promoted by [CO2] and heat, the large majority of mineral ratios were kept within a range considered adequate, suggesting that this plant can maintain mineral balances in a context of climate changes and global warming.

Keywords

Coffee Plant Predict Climate Change Agronomic Importance Macronutrient Content Mineral Dynamic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

Amax

Photosynthetic capacity

Pn

Net photosynthetic rate

PSII

Photosystem II

RuBisCO

Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase

WUE

Water use efficiency.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Drs. L.C. Fazuolli (IAC), T. Sera (IAPAR) and F. Partelli (UFES) for supplying the plant material, and Isabel M. Palos (IICT) for technical help. This work was supported by Portuguese national funds through Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia, under the scope of the project PTDC/AGR-PRO/3,386/2012 and the grants PDSE 12,226/12–2 (L.D. Martins) financed by CAPES, Brazil. Fellowships granted by CNPq and Fapemig to F.M. DaMatta are also greatly acknowledged.

References

  1. Ainsworth EA, Rogers A (2007) The response of photosynthesis and stomatal conductance to rising [CO2]: mechanisms and environmental interactions. Plant Cell Environ 30:258–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amaral JAT, Rena AB, Amaral JFT (2006) Crescimento vegetativo sazonal do cafeeiro e sua relação com fotoperíodo, frutificação, resistência estomática e fotossíntese. Pesq Agrop Bras 41:377–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Assad ED, Pinto HS, Zullo J Jr, Ávila AMH (2004) Impacto das mudanças climáticas no zoneamento agroclimático do café no Brasil. Pesq Agrop Bras 39:1057–1064CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bataglia OC, Furlani AMC, Teixeira JPF, Furlani PR, Gallo J (1983) Métodos de Análise Química de Plantas. Boletim Técnico Instituto Agronômico Campinas 78, 48 pGoogle Scholar
  5. Batista-Santos P, Lidon FC, Fortunato A, Leitão AE, Lopes E, Partelli F, Ribeiro AI, Ramalho JC (2011) The impact of cold on photosynthesis in genotypes of Coffea spp.—Photosystem sensitivity, photoprotective mechanisms and gene expression. J Plant Physiol 168:792–806CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Blank RR, Morgan T, Ziska LH, White RH (2011) Effect of atmospheric CO2 levels on nutrients in cheatgrass tissue. Nat Resour Environ Issues 16:1–6Google Scholar
  7. Bragança SM, Martinez HHP, Leite HG, Santos LP, Sediyama CS, Venegas VHA, Lani JA (2008) Accumulation of macronutrients for the conilon coffee tree. J Plant Nutr 31:103–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bragança SM, Prezotti LC, Lani JA (2007) Nutrição do cafeeiro Comilon. In: Ferrão RG, Fonseca AF, Bragança SM, Ferrão MA, Muner LH (eds) Café Conilon. DCM/Incaper, Vitória, E.S., Brazil, pp 297–327Google Scholar
  9. Camargo AP (1985) Florescimento e frutificação de café Arábica nas diferentes regiões cafeeiras do Brasil. Pesq Agrop Bras 20:831–839Google Scholar
  10. Camargo MBP (2010) The impact of climatic variability and climate change on arabic coffee crop in Brazil. Bragantia 69:239–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Carelli MLC, Fahl JI, Ramalho JDC (2006) Aspects of nitrogen metabolism in coffee plants. Braz J Plant Physiol 18:9–21Google Scholar
  12. Ceulemans R, Mousseau M (1994) Effects of elevated atmospheric woody plants. New Phytol 127:425–446CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Chen HH, Shen ZY, Li PH (1982) Adaptability of crop plants to high temperatures stress. Crop Sci 22:719–725CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Conroy J, Hocking P (1993) Nitrogen nutrition of C3 plants at elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Physiol Plant 89:570–576CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Cotrufo MF, Ineson P, Scott A (1998) Elevated CO2 reduces the nitrogen concentration of plant tissues. Glob Chang Biol 4:43–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. DaMatta FM, Ramalho JDC (2006) Impacts of drought and temperature stress on coffee physiology and production: A review. Braz J Plant Physiol 18:55–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. DaMatta FM, Ronchi CP, Maestri M, Barros RS (2007) Ecophysiology of coffee growth and production. Braz J Plant Physiol 19:485–510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Davis AP, Gole TW, Baena S, Moat J (2012) The impact of climate change on indigenous arabica coffee (Coffea arabica): Predicting future trends and identifying priorities. PLoS One 7(11):e47981CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. EMBRAPA-Empresa Brasileira De Pesquisa Agropecuária (1997) Manual de métodos de análises de solo. 2nd Ed., Ministério da Agricultura e do Abastecimento, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 212 pGoogle Scholar
  20. Fangmeier A, Grüters U, Högy P, Vermehren B, Jäger HJ (1997) Effects of elevated CO2, nitrogen supply, and tropospheric ozone on spring wheat—II. Nutrients (N, P, K, S, Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn, Zn). Environ Pollut 96:43–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Fortunato A, Lidon FC, Batista-Santos P, Leitão AE, Pais IP, Ribeiro AI, Ramalho JC (2010) Biochemical and molecular characterization of the antioxidative system of Coffea sp. under cold conditions in genotypes with contrasting tolerance. J Plant Physiol 167:333–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Gay C, Estrada F, Conde C, Eakin H, Villers L (2006) Potential impacts of climate change on agriculture: a case of study of coffee production in Veracruz, Mexico. Clim Change 79:259–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Guimarães PTG, Reis THP (2010) Nutrição e adubação do cafeeiro. In: Reis PR, Cunha RL (eds) Café Arábica—Do Plantio à Colheita. EPAMIG, Lavras, M.G., Brazil, pp 343–414Google Scholar
  24. IPCC. Climate change (2007) The physical science basis: summary for policymakers. Geneva: IPCC, 2007. 18p. Available in: <http://www.ipcc.ch/SPM2feb07.pdf>. Access: 12 Feb. 2013.
  25. Kirschbaum MUF (2011) Does enhanced photosynthesis enhance growth? Lessons learned from CO2 enrichment studies. Plant Physiol 155:117–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lambers H, Chapin FS III, Pons JL (2008) Plant Physiological Ecology, 2nd edn. Springer, New York, 604 pCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Leakey ADB, Ainsworth EA, Bernacchi CJ, Rogers A, Long SP, Ort DR (2009) Elevated CO2 effects on plant carbon, nitrogen, and water relations: six important lessons from FACE. J Exp Bot 60:2859–2876CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Long SP (1991) Modification of the response of photosynthetic productivity to rising temperature by atmospheric CO2 concentrations: Has its importance been underestimated? Plant Cell Environ 14:729–739CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Long SP, Ainsworth EA, Rogers A, Ort DR (2004) Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide: plants FACE the future. Annu Rev Plant Biol 55:591–628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Luo Y, Reynolds J, Wang Y, Wolfe D (1999) A search for predictive understanding of plant responses to elevated [CO2]. Glob Chang Biol 5:143–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Malavolta E (1993) Nutrição Mineral e Adubação do Cafeeiro. Colheitas Econômicas Máximas. Editora Agronômica Ceres, Ltda., São Paulo, Brazil, 210 p.Google Scholar
  32. Manderscheid R, Bender J, Jäger H-J, Weigel HJ (1995) Effects of season long CO2 enrichment on cereals. II. Nutrient concentrations and grain quality. Agric Ecosyst Environ 54:175–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Overdieck D (1993) Elevated CO2 and the mineral content of herbaceous and woody plants. Veg 104:403–411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Partelli FL, Batista-Santos P, Campos PS, Pais IP, Quartin VL, Vieira HD, Ramalho JC (2011) Characterization of the main lipid components of chloroplast membranes and cold induced changes in Coffea sp. Environ Exp Bot 74:194–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Pastenes C, Horton P (1996) Effect of high temperature on photosynthesis in beans. II. CO2 assimilation and metabolite contents. Plant Physiol 112:1253–1260Google Scholar
  36. Penuelas J, Matamala R (1993) Variations in the mineral composition of herbarium plant species collected during the last three centuries. J Exp Bot 44:1523–1525CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Polley HW (2002) Implications of atmospheric and climate change for crop yield. Crop Sci 42:131–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Ramalho JC, Campos PS, Quartin VL, Silva MJ, Nunes MA (1999) High irradiance impairments on photosynthetic electron transport, ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxilase/oxygenase and N assimilation as a function of N availability in Coffea arabica L. plants. J Plant Physiol 154:319–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Ramalho JC, Campos PS, Teixeira M, Nunes MA (1998) Nitrogen dependent changes in antioxidant systems and in fatty acid composition of chloroplast membranes from Coffea arabica L. plants submitted to high irradiance. Plant Sci 135:115–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Ramalho JC, Fortunato AS, Goulao LF, Lidon FC (2013a) Cold-induced changes in mineral content in Coffea spp. leaves—Identification of descriptors for tolerance assessment. Biol Plant 57:495–506CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Ramalho JC, Pons T, Groeneveld H, Azinheira HG, Nunes MA (2000) Photosynthetic acclimation to high light conditions in mature leaves of Coffea arabica L.: role of xanthophylls, quenching mechanisms and nitrogen nutrition. Aust J Plant Physiol 27:43–51Google Scholar
  42. Ramalho JC, Rebelo MC, Santos ME, Antunes ML, Nunes MA (1995) Effects of calcium deficiency on Coffea arabica. Nutrient changes and correlation of calcium levels with some photosynthetic parameters. Plant and Soil 172:87–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Ramalho JC, Rodrigues AP, Semedo JN, Pais I, Martins LD, Simões-Costa MC, Leitão AE, Fortunato AS, Batista-Santos P, Palos I, Tomaz MA, Scotti-Campos P, Lidon FC, DaMatta FM (2013b) Sustained photosynthetic performance of Coffea spp. under long-term enhanced [CO2]. PLoS One 8:e82712CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Roberntz P, Linder S (1999) Effects of long-term CO2 enrichment and nutrient availability in Norway spruce. II. Foliar chemistry. Trees 14:17–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Sage RF (1994) Acclimation of photosynthesis to increasing atmospheric CO2: The gas exchange perspective. Photosynth Res 39:351–368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Scotti-Campos P, Pais IP, Partelli FL, Batista-Santos P, Ramalho JC (2014) Phospholipids profile in chloroplasts of Coffea spp. genotypes differing in cold acclimation ability. J Plant Physiol 171:243–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Silva EA, DaMatta FM, Ducatti C, Regazzi AJ, Barros RS (2004) Seasonal changes in vegetative growth and photosynthesis of Arabica coffee trees. Field Crop Res 89:349–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Taub DR, Wang X (2008) Why are nitrogen concentrations in plant tissues lower under elevated CO2? A critical examination of the hypotheses. J Integr Plant Biol 50:65–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Teixeira AL, Souza FF, Pereira AA, Oliveira ACB, Rocha RB (2013) Performance of arabica coffee cultivars under high temperature conditions. Afr J Agric Res 8:4402–4407Google Scholar
  50. Thiec DL, Dixon M, Loosveldt P, Garrec JP (1995) Seasonal and annual variations of phosphorus, calcium, potassium and manganese contents In different cross-sections of Picea abies (L.) Karst. needles and Quercus rubra L. leaves exposed to elevated CO2. Trees 10:55–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Vogel AI (1961) A Text-Book of Quantitative Inorganic Analysis—Including Elementary Instrumental Analysis, 3rd edn. Longman Group Limited, LondonGoogle Scholar
  52. Waraich EA, Ahmad R, Halim A, Aziz T (2012) Alleviation of temperature stress by nutrient management in crop plants: A review. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 12:221–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Zhu C, Ziska L, Zhu J, Zeng Q, Xie Z, Tang H, Jia X, Hasegawa T (2012) The temporal and species dynamics of photosynthetic acclimation in flag leaves of rice (Oryza sativa) and wheat (Triticum aestivum) under elevated carbon dioxide. Physiol Plant 145:395–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lima D. Martins
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marcelo A. Tomaz
    • 2
  • Fernando C. Lidon
    • 3
  • Fábio M. DaMatta
    • 4
  • José C. Ramalho
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Grupo Interações Planta-Ambiente & Biodiversidade (PlantStress & Biodiversity), Centro de Ambiente, Agricultura e Desenvolvimento (BioTrop)Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical, I.P. (IICT)OeirasPortugal
  2. 2.Department. Produção Vegetal, Centro de Ciências AgráriasUniv. Federal do Espírito Santo Alto UniversitárioAlegreBrazil
  3. 3.Cicege, Depart. Ciências da Terra, Faculdade de Ciências e TecnologiaUniv. Nova de LisboaCaparicaPortugal
  4. 4.Department. Biologia VegetalUniv. Federal de ViçosaViçosaBrazil

Personalised recommendations