Stakeholder integrated research (STIR): a new approach tested in climate change adaptation research
- 947 Downloads
Ensuring active participation of stakeholders in scientific projects faces many challenges. These range from adequately selecting stakeholders, overcoming stakeholder fatigue, and dealing with the limited time available for stakeholder engagement, to interacting with, and integrating, the research itself. At the same time, stakeholder participation is seen as a key component in developing research results that are conclusive to political and societal decision-making, and conducive to practical application. This article puts forward the Stakeholder Integrated Research (STIR) approach, designed to address these challenges by proving a structured method for stakeholder engagement in research. An assessment of the stakeholder engagement process within the CLIMSAVE project, including evaluations by participating stakeholders, is used to illustrate the STIR approach, highlighting its value for improving stakeholder involvement within two case studies of a highly complex climate change adaptation project. In comparison to other approaches, STIR directly addresses major stakeholder engagement challenges and simultaneously covers new ground to provide an encompassing and structured approach for integrating stakeholder engagement in research. Further attention needs to be given to involving stakeholder in project set-up and over the course of multiple years, as well as to improving stakeholder-science data translation.
KeywordsClimate Change Adaptation Adaptation Option Stakeholder Engagement Engagement Process Workshop Series
The authors would like to express their thanks to the participating stakeholders for their active and continued engagement.
- Cohen J (1997) Procedure and substance in deliberative democracy. In: Bohman J, Rehg W (eds) Deliberative democracy: essays on reason and politics. MIT Press, Cambridge, pp 406–437Google Scholar
- Gramberger M (2001) Citizens as partners: OECD handbook on information, consultation and public participation in policy-making, governance. OECD, ParisGoogle Scholar
- Gramberger M (2008) The Prospex-CQI method for stakeholder identification and selection. Manuscript.Google Scholar
- Harrison PA, Holman IP, Cojocaru G, Kok K, Kotnogianni A, Metzger MJ, Gramberger M (2013) Combining qualitative and quantitative understanding for exploring cross-sectoral climate change impacts, adaptation and vulnerability in Europe. Regional Environmental Change 13:761–780Google Scholar
- Harrison PA, Holman IP, Berry PM (submitted for this issue) Assessing cross-sectoral climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation: an introduction to the CLIMSAVE project. Climatic ChangeGoogle Scholar
- Henrichs T, Zurek M, Eickhout B, Kok K, Raudsepp-Hearne C, Ribeiro T, Van Vuuren D, Volkery A (2010) Scenario development and analysis for forward-looking ecosystem assessments. In: Ash N, Blanco H, Brown C, Garcia K, Henrichs T, Lucas N, Raudsepp-Hearne C, Simpson RD, Scholes R, Tomich TP, Vira B (eds) Zurek M (ed) Ecosystems and human well-being: a manual for assessment practitioners. Island, Washington, DC, pp 151–220Google Scholar
- Holman IP, Harrison PA, Metzger MJ (2014) Cross-sectoral impacts of climate and socio-economic change in Scotland: implications for adaptation policy. Reg Environ Change. doi: 10.1007/s10113-014-0679-8
- Lebel L, Thongbai P, Kok K (2006) Sub-global scenarios. In: Capistrano D, Samper CK, Lee MJ, Rauseppe-Hearne C (eds) Ecosystems and human well-being (vol 4): multiscale assessments. Findings of the Sub-global Assessments Working Group of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Island, Washington, DC, pp 229–259Google Scholar
- Rounsevell MDA, Metzger MJ (2010) Developing qualitative scenario storylines for environmental change assessment. Wiley Interdisciplin Rev: Clim Chang 1:606–619Google Scholar
- UK NEA (2011) The United Kingdom national ecosystem assessment: technical report. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UKGoogle Scholar
- Vervoort J, Thorton PK, Kristjansson P, Foerch W, Ericksen PJ, Kok K, Ingram JS, Herrero M, Palazzo A, Helfgott AES, Wilkinson A, Havlik P, Mason-D’Croz D, Jost C (2014) Challenges to scenario-guided adaptive action on food security under climate change. Glob Environ Change. 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2014.03.001