Climatic Change

, Volume 124, Issue 1–2, pp 179–190 | Cite as

Tree mortality in response to climate change induced drought across Beijing, China

  • Xiongqing Zhang
  • Yuancai Lei
  • Yong Pang
  • Xianzhao Liu
  • Jinzeng Wang


Tree mortality in response to climate change induced drought has emerged as a global concern. Small changes of tree mortality rates can profoundly affect forest structure, composition, dynamics and ecosystem services such as carbon sequestration. Our analyses of longitudinal data from natural stands (82 plots) in Beijing showed that tree mortality rates have increased significantly over the two decades from 1986 to 2006. In contrast, recruitment rates decreased significantly over this period. The increase in overall mortality rates resulted from an increase in tree deaths dominantly attributed to changes in temperature and precipitation resulting in drier conditions across latitudes, elevations, tree species, and tree sizes. In addition, the results showed that mortality rates of Chinese pine (Pinus tabuliformis) (β 1  = 0.0874) as a result of climate change induce drought were much smaller than oak (Quercus) (β 1  = 0.1583).


Recruitment Rate Tree Mortality Mean Annual Temperature Competition Index Census Interval 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We are grateful to the editor and two anonymous reviewers for their valuable suggestions and comments on the manuscript. Funding for the study was provided by the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (No. 2005DIB5JI42, No. 2012AA12A306 and No. 31170588), and Collaborative innovation plan of Jiangsu higher education. We are also grateful to the Inventory Institute of Beijing Forestry for its data.

Supplementary material

10584_2014_1089_MOESM1_ESM.doc (240 kb)
Table S1 (DOC 240 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiongqing Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yuancai Lei
    • 2
  • Yong Pang
    • 2
  • Xianzhao Liu
    • 2
  • Jinzeng Wang
    • 3
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Tree Genetics and Breeding, Key Laboratory of Tree Breeding and Cultivation of the State Forestry Administration, Research Institute of ForestryChinese Academy of ForestryBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Research Institute of Forest Resource Information TechniquesChinese Academy of ForestryBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Beijing Forestry Survey and Design InstituteBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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