Climatic Change

, Volume 136, Issue 1, pp 83–94 | Cite as

Global energy security under different climate policies, GDP growth rates and fossil resource availabilities

  • Aleh CherpEmail author
  • Jessica Jewell
  • Vadim Vinichenko
  • Nico Bauer
  • Enrica De Cian


Energy security is one of the main drivers of energy policies. Understanding energy security implications of long-term scenarios is crucial for informed policy making, especially with respect to transformations of energy systems required to stabilize climate change. This paper evaluates energy security under several global energy scenarios, modeled in the REMIND and WITCH integrated assessment models. The paper examines the effects of long-term climate policies on energy security under different assumptions about GDP growth and fossil fuel availability. It uses a systematic energy security assessment framework and a set of global and regional indicators for risks associated with energy trade and resilience associated with diversity of energy options. The analysis shows that climate policies significantly reduce the risks and increase the resilience of energy systems in the first half of the century. Climate policies also make energy supply, energy mix, and energy trade less dependent upon assumptions of fossil resource availability and GDP growth, and thus more predictable than in the baseline scenarios.


Climate Policy Trade Intensity Baseline Scenario Electricity Sector Energy Security 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was funded by Stiftung Mercator (

Supplementary material

10584_2013_950_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.2 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 1215 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aleh Cherp
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jessica Jewell
    • 1
    • 3
  • Vadim Vinichenko
    • 1
  • Nico Bauer
    • 4
  • Enrica De Cian
    • 5
  1. 1.Central European UniversityBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Lund UniversityLundSweden
  3. 3.International Institute for Applied Systems AnalysisLaxenburgAustria
  4. 4.Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)PotsdamGermany
  5. 5.Fondazione Eni Enrico MatteiVeneziaItaly

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