Climatic Change

, Volume 121, Issue 4, pp 713–725 | Cite as

Growth rate and climate responses of Pinus pinea L. in Italian coastal stands over the last century

Article

Abstract

Sensitivity to climate change and anthropogenic disturbance is a typical feature of Mediterranean forests, which grow under dynamic and manipulated environmental conditions. In this study, we examine stone pine (Pinus pinea L.) along the Tyrrhenian coast of Italy to analyse the tree-growth variability on a temporal scale and to evaluate the radial growth response to climate trends over the last century. The analysis of tree ring widths at the decadal and multidecadal scale, which were standardised to remove the age trend, showed primarily significant downward trends and time periods with lower growth rates. Characterised by a clear decline in tree ring widths, the two periods of 20 years from the mid-1920s and the early 1970s appeared to be the least favourables for tree growth. Precipitation was the main factor driving growth, and the effect was cumulative over consecutive years because of the increase in soil water content. Including the current year of ring formation, correlations between decline in precipitation and tree growth were greatest with 3-year precipitation sums. The shifting influence of winter rainfall on tree ring growth toward not significant values during the last decades, together with the lack of significant correlation between the current year’s precipitation and growth decline from the 1970s, might suggest an increasingly dependence on long periods of water supply to utilise the water content stored due to the previous rainy years. The negative effect on tree-growth decline of summer and early-fall temperatures appeared as a forcing influence related to long-term changes in climate rather than high-frequency climate fluctuations.

References

  1. Benjamini Y, Hochberg Y (1995) Controlling the false discovery rate—a practical and powerful approach to multiple testing. J R Stat Soc Ser B 57:289–300Google Scholar
  2. Briffa KR, Jones PD (1990) Basic chronology statistics and assessment. In: Cook ER, Kairiukstis LA (eds) Methods of dendrochronology: applications in the environmental sciences. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp 137–152Google Scholar
  3. Briffa KR, Osborn TJ, Schweingruber FH, Harris IC, Jones PD, Shiyatov SG, Vaganov EA (2001) Low-frequency temperature variations from a northern tree ring density network. J Geophys Res 106(D3):2929–2941CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brunetti M, Maugeri M, Monti F, Nanni T (2006) Temperature and precipitation in Italy in the last two centuries from homogenised instrumental time series. Int J Climatol 26:345–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bunn AG (2008) A dendrochronology program library in R (dplR). Dendrochronologia 26:115–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bunn AG (2010) Statistical and visual crossdating in R using the dplR library. Dendrochronologia 28:251–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bussotti F (1997) Stone pine (Pinus pinea L.). Sherwood Foreste ed Alberi Oggi 3(11):31–34Google Scholar
  8. Campelo F, Nabais C, Freitas H, Gutiérrez E (2006) Climatic significance of tree-ring width and intra-annual density fluctuations in Pinus pinea from dry Mediterranean area in Portugal. Ann For Sci 64:229–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Carrer M, Nola P, Motta R, Urbinati C (2010) Contrasting tree-ring growth to climate responses of Abies alba toward the southern limit of its distribution area. Oikos 000:001–011Google Scholar
  10. Cherubini P, Gartner BL, Tognetti R, Bräker OU, Schoch W, Innes JL (2003) Identification, measurement and interpretation of tree rings in woody species from Mediterranean climates. Biol Rev 78:119–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cook ER, Peters K (1981) The smoothing spline: a new approach to standardizing forest interior tree-ring width series for dendroclimatic studies. Tree-Ring Bull 41:45–53Google Scholar
  12. Cook E, Briffa K, Shiyatov S, Mazepa V (1990) Tree-ring standardization and growth-trend estimation. In: Cook ER, Kairiukstis LA (eds) Methods of dendrochronology. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp 104–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. De Luis M, Novak K, Čufar K, Raventós J (2009) Size mediated climate–growth relationships in Pinus halepensis and Pinus pinea. Trees 23:1065–1073CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dünkeloh A, Jacobeit J (2003) Circulation dynamics of Mediterranean precipitation variability 1948–98. Int J Climatol 23:1843–1866CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Frattegiani M, Mencuccini M, Mercurio R, Profili W (1994) Quantitative analysis of Stone pine (Pinus pinea L.) root systems morphology and its relationships with water table and soil characters. Investigasión Agraria Fuera de Ser 3:405–416Google Scholar
  16. Fritts HC (1976) Tree rings and climate. Academic, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Gandolfo GP (1999) Fattori ambientali, relazioni idriche e dendroecologia del pino domestico (Pinus pinea L.) ad Alberese (GR). Tesi di Dottorato in Ecologia Forestale, XII ciclo, Università degli Studi di PadovaGoogle Scholar
  18. Gibelin AL, Dèquè M (2003) Anthropogenic climate change over the Mediterranean region simulated by a global variable resolution model. Clim Dyn 20:327–339Google Scholar
  19. Hamed KH (2008) Trend detection in hydrologic data: the Mann–Kendall trend test under the scaling hypothesis. J Hydrol 349:350–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. IPCC, WG I (2007) Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I. In: Solomon S et al (eds) Fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  21. Kozlowski TT, Kramer PJ, Pallardy SG (1991) The physiological ecology of woody plants. Academic, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  22. Kramer K, Leinonen I, Loustau D (2000) The importance of phenology for the evaluation of impact of climate change on growth of boreal, temperate and Mediterranean forests ecosystems: an overview. Int J Biometeorol 44:67–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mazza G, Amorini E, Cutini A, Manetti MC (2011) The influence of thinning on rainfall interception by Pinus pinea L. in Mediterranean coastal stands (Castel Fusano–Rome). Ann For Sci 68:1323–1332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Osborne CP, Mitchell PL, Sheehy JE, Woodward FI (2000) Modelling the recent impacts of atmospheric CO2 and climate change on Mediterranean vegetation. Glob Chang Biol 6:445–458CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Perez-Antelo A, Fernandez-Cancio A (1992) A dendrochronology of Pinus pinea in Central Spain. In: “Tree rings and environment”. Proceedings of the International dendrological symposium, Ystad, South Sweden, 3–9 September 1990. Lundqua Report pp. 254–255Google Scholar
  26. Raddi S, Cherubini P, Lauteri M, Magnani F (2009) The impact of sea erosion on coastal Pinus pinea stands: a diachronic analysis combining tree-rings and ecological markers. For Ecol Manag 257(3):773–781CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Resco de Dios V, Fischer C, Colinas C (2007) Climate change effects on mediterranean forests and preventive measures. New Forest 33:29–40Google Scholar
  28. Sarris D, Christoduolakis D, Körner C (2007) Recent decline in precipitation and tree growth in the eastern Mediterranean. Glob Chang Biol 13(6):1187–1200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sarris D, Christoduolakis D, Körner C (2011) Impact of recent climatic change on growth of low elevation eastern Mediterranean forest trees. Clim Chang 106(2):203–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Schweingruber FH (1989) Tree rings: basics and applications of dendrochronology. Kluwer Academic Publishers, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  31. Teobaldelli M, Mencuccini M, Piussi P (2004) Water table salinity, rainfall and water use by umbrella pine trees (Pinus pinea L.). Plant Ecol 171:23–33Google Scholar
  32. Wigley TML, Briffa KR, Jones PD (1984) On the average value of correlated time series with application in dendroclimatology and hydrometeorology. J Clim Appl Meteorol 23:201–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Consiglio per la Ricerca e la Sperimentazione in Agricoltura, Forestry Research CentreArezzoItaly

Personalised recommendations