Climatic Change

, Volume 115, Issue 3–4, pp 579–595 | Cite as

The meteorological observations of Bento Sanches Dorta, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: 1781–1788

  • A. M. M. Farrona
  • R. M. Trigo
  • M. C. Gallego
  • J. M. Vaquero
Article

Abstract

Bento Sanches Dorta was an astronomer and geographer in the Portuguese colony of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil from 1781 to 1788. He recorded daily readings of meteorological and geomagnetic variables during that period. This dataset provides, to the best of our knowledge, the earliest known continuous 8-year-long instrumental meteorological observations for any South American site. His data show that the winters in this period were relatively cool, and that 1785 was the rainiest and hottest year, and 1787 the driest and coolest. The records display a distinct seasonal cycle and a variability that are comparable with the modern data.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was partially supported by the Spanish Ministry of Environment (MMAMRM200800050083542, Salvá-Sinobas project) and the Junta de Extremadura.

Supplementary material

10584_2012_467_MOESM1_ESM.doc (258 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 258 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. M. Farrona
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. M. Trigo
    • 3
  • M. C. Gallego
    • 1
  • J. M. Vaquero
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Departamento de FísicaUniversidad de ExtremaduraBadajozSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de Física de la Tierra y Astrofísica IIUniversidad Complutense de MadridMadridSpain
  3. 3.Instituto Dom Luiz, Faculdade de CiênciasUniversidade de LisboaLisbonPortugal

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