Advertisement

Climatic Change

, Volume 114, Issue 2, pp 295–300 | Cite as

Expert views of climate change adaptation in the Maldives

  • Benjamin K. Sovacool
Article

Abstract

This essay assesses the “Integrating Climate Change Risks into Resilient Island Planning in the Maldives” Program, or ICCR, a four-year $9.3 million adaptation project supported by the Least Developed Countries Fund, Maldivian Government and the United Nations Development Program. The essay elaborates on the types of challenges that arise as a low-income country tries to utilize international development assistance to adapt to climate change. Based primarily on a series of semi-structured research interviews with Maldivian experts, discussed benefits to the ICCR include improving physical resilience by deploying “soft” infrastructure, institutional resilience by training policymakers, and community resilience by strengthening assets. Challenges include ensuring that adaptation efforts are sufficient to reduce vulnerability, lack of coordination, and the values and attitudes of business and community leaders.

Keywords

Coral Reef Climate Policy Adaptation Measure Atoll United Nations Development Program 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Three anonymous reviewers provided outstanding suggestions for revision which have greatly improved the quality of the essay. Furthermore, the author is appreciative to the Centre on Asia and Globalisation and the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy for some of the financial assistance needed to conduct the research interviews, field research, and travel for this project. The author is also extremely grateful to the Singaporean Ministry of Education for an Academic Research Fund Grant which has supported elements of the work reported here. Those wishing to read a longer exploration of the ICCR are invited to read Sovacool (2012). Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Centre on Asia and Globalisation, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, or Singaporean Ministry of Education.

References

  1. Church JA, White N, Hunter J (2006) Sea-level rise at tropical pacific and Indian ocean islands. Glob Planet Chang 53:155–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Global Environment Facility (2009a) Project identification form: integration of climate change risks into the Maldives Safer island development program. GEF, February 6, GEF Agency Project ID 4093, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  3. Global Environment Facility (2009b) Request for CEO endorsement/approval: integrating climate change risks into resilient island planning in the Maldives. GEF, February 6, GEF Agency Project ID 4093, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  4. Khan T, Dewan Quadir TS, Murty A, Kabir FA, Sarker M (2002) Relative sea level changes in Maldives and vulnerability of land due to abnormal coastal inundation. Mar Geod 25:133–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Republic of Maldives (2007) National adaptation program of action: republic of Maldives. Ministry of Environment, Energy, and Water, MaléGoogle Scholar
  6. Sovacool BK (2011) Conceptualizing hard and soft paths for climate change adaptation. Climate Policy 11(4):1177–1183Google Scholar
  7. Sovacool BK (2012) “Perceptions of climate change risks and resilient island planning in the Maldives,” Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change (in press), doi: 10.1007/s11027-011-9341-7
  8. United Nations Development Program (2007a) Detailed island risk assessment in Maldives: executive summary. UNDP Maldives, Disaster Risk Management Team, December, MaléGoogle Scholar
  9. United Nations Development Program (2007b) Energy and poverty in the Maldives: challenges and the way forward. UNDP Regional Center, BangkokGoogle Scholar
  10. United Nations Development Program (2009a) Project document: integrating climate change risks into resilient island planning in the Maldives. UNDP Regional Center, BangkokGoogle Scholar
  11. United Nations Development Program (2009b) Detailed island risk assessment in maldives: social and economic assessment report. UNDP Maldives, Disaster Risk Management Team, August, MaléGoogle Scholar
  12. Vince G (2009) “Paradise lost? How the Maldives is fighting the rising tide of climate change.” New Scientist (May 9): 37–39Google Scholar
  13. Woodroffe CD (2005) Late quaternary sea level highstands in the central and eastern Indian Ocean: a review. Glob Planet Chang 49:121–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Vermont Law School, Institute for Energy & the EnvironmentSouth RoyaltonUSA

Personalised recommendations