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Climatic Change

, Volume 112, Issue 2, pp 169–188 | Cite as

The Australia clause and REDD: a cautionary tale

  • Andrew Macintosh
Article

Abstract

If a binding agreement can be reached on a post-2012 international climate regime, it is likely to include the phased introduction of a market-linked mechanism for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries (REDD). Under such a scheme, countries that reduce net REDD emissions below a pre-set baseline would receive credits that could be sold in carbon markets and used by purchasing nations to meet their international mitigation obligations. This paper draws on the Australian experience with deforestation to identify some of the issues that might obstruct progress on REDD. For the past 20 years, Australia has had the highest rate of deforestation in the developed world; ~416,000 ha of forests were cleared annually between 1990 and 2009, resulting in the emission of almost 80 MtCO2-e/yr. It is also the only developed country that will rely on reduced deforestation emissions as the primary way of meeting its quantified emissions target under the Kyoto Protocol. Australia’s approach to deforestation issues provides valuable insights into the difficulties an international REDD scheme might encounter.

Keywords

Kyoto Protocol Deforestation Rate Crown Cover Commitment Period Australian Experience 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Thanks to Dr Phil Gibbons, Deb Wilkinson, Dr Richard Denniss and Leigh Thomas for their comments and feedback on an earlier draft of this paper. Any errors remain the responsibility of the author.

Supplementary material

10584_2011_210_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (37 kb)
Supplementary Material (PDF 36 kb)

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ANU Centre for Climate Law and Policy, ANU College of LawThe Australian National UniversityActonAustralia

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