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Climatic Change

, Volume 110, Issue 3–4, pp 941–957 | Cite as

Impact of climate change on corrosion and damage to concrete infrastructure in Australia

  • Xiaoming WangEmail author
  • Mark G. StewartEmail author
  • Minh Nguyen
Article

Abstract

The durability of concrete is determined largely by its deterioration over time which is affected by the environment. Climate change may alter this environment, causing an acceleration of deterioration processes that will affect the safety and serviceability of concrete infrastructure in Australia, U.S., Europe, China and elsewhere. This investigation of concrete deterioration under changing climate in Australia uses Monte-Carlo simulation of results from General Circulation Models (GCMs) and considers high greenhouse gas emission scenarios representing the A1FI schemes of the IPCC. We present the implications of climate change for the durability of concrete structures, in terms of changes in probability of reinforcement corrosion initiation and corrosion induced damage at a given calendar year between 2000 and 2100 across Australia. Since the main driver to increased concrete deterioration is CO2 concentration and temperature, then increases in damage risks observed in Australia are likely to be observed in other concrete infrastructure internationally. The impact of climate change on the deterioration cannot be ignored, but can be addressed by new approaches in design. Existing concrete structures, for which design has not considered the effects of changing climate may deteriorate more rapidly than originally planned.

Keywords

Reinforce Concrete Concrete Structure Emission Scenario Corrosion Damage Chloride Penetration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CSIRO Climate Adaptation Flagship, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)HighettAustralia
  2. 2.Centre of Infrastructure Performance and ReliabilityThe University of NewcastleNewcastleAustralia

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