Climatic Change

, Volume 107, Issue 1–2, pp 147–167 | Cite as

Sinking ships: conservation options for endemic taxa threatened by sea level rise

  • Joyce MaschinskiEmail author
  • Michael S. Ross
  • Hong Liu
  • Joe O’Brien
  • Eric J. von Wettberg
  • Kristin E. Haskins


Low-elevation islands face threats from sea level rise (SLR) and increased storm intensity. Evidence of endangered species’ population declines and shifts in vegetation communities are already underway in the Florida Keys. SLR predictions indicate large areas of these habitats may be eliminated in the next century. Using the Florida Keys as a model system, we present a process for evaluating conservation options for rare and endemic taxa. Considering species characteristics and habitat, we assess central issues that influence conservation options. We contrast traditional and controversial options for two animal and two plant species giving special emphasis to perceptions of ecological risk and safety from SLR and suggest courses of action. Multiple strategies will be required to spread extinction risk and will be effective for different time periods. Global climate change presents an uncertain, perhaps no-analog future that will challenge land managers and practitioners to re-evaluate equilibrium-state-conceived laws and policies not only for these taxa, but for many facing similar threats. To embrace conservation in a changing world will require a new dialogue that includes controversial ideas, a review of existing laws and policies, and preparation for the oncoming change.


Captive Breeding Recipient Site Historic Range Population Viability Analysis Conservation Option 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joyce Maschinski
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michael S. Ross
    • 2
    • 3
  • Hong Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Joe O’Brien
    • 4
  • Eric J. von Wettberg
    • 1
    • 5
  • Kristin E. Haskins
    • 6
  1. 1.Fairchild Tropical Botanic GardenCenter for Tropical Plant ConservationCoral GablesUSA
  2. 2.Department of Earth and EnvironmentFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA
  3. 3.Southeast Environmental Research CenterFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA
  4. 4.USDA Forest Service, Center for Forest Disturbance ScienceAthensUSA
  5. 5.Department of BiologyFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA
  6. 6.Research DepartmentThe Arboretum at FlagstaffFlagstaffUSA

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