Climatic Change

, Volume 105, Issue 3–4, pp 455–468 | Cite as

Regional and local climatic effects on the Dead-Sea evaporation

Article

Abstract

The natural evaporation in the Dead-Sea is a very important meteorological parameter to the local industries at Sdom. It was found that the pan evaporation in Sdom has recently increased by 20–25%. In this paper we explore the reasons for this increase. It is found that both large-scale and local climatic changes have contributed to the evaporation increase in the Dead Sea Valley. The large-scale (global) change potentially associated with the global warming, resulted in changes of the frequencies of some synoptic systems in the region. The local change is a result of the recent Dead-Sea drying, which reduced the local Dead-Sea breeze while intensifying the Mediterranean-Sea breeze penetrating the Dead Sea Valley. It is suggested that while the local effect was the dominant climatic change factor in the Dead-Sea Valley in the 1970–1990, the global effect becomes the dominant one in the more recent evaporation increase in the Dead-Sea.

Keywords

Arava Annual Evaporation Synoptic System Evaporation Increase Local Climate Change 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geophysics and Planetary SciencesTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael

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