Climatic Change

, Volume 101, Issue 3–4, pp 339–385 | Cite as

Safe climate policy is affordable—12 reasons

  • Jeroen C. J. M. van den Bergh
Open Access


There is a widespread sense that a sufficiently stringent climate mitigation policy, that is, a considerable reduction of greenhouse gas emissions to avoid extreme climate change, will come with very high economic costs for society. This is supported by many cost–benefit analyses (CBA) and policy cost assessments of climate policy. All of these, nevertheless, are based on debatable assumptions. This paper will argue instead that safe climate policy is not excessively expensive and is indeed cheaper than suggested by most current studies. To this end, climate CBA and policy cost assessments are critically evaluated, and as a replacement twelve complementary perspectives on the cost of climate policy are offered.


Discount Rate Climate Policy Damage Cost Policy Cost Ecol Econ 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICREABarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Institute for Environmental Science and Technology & Department of Economics and Economic HistoryUniversitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBellaterraSpain
  3. 3.Faculty of Economics and Business Administration & Institute for Environmental StudiesVrije UniversiteitAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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