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Climatic Change

, Volume 99, Issue 1–2, pp 155–192 | Cite as

Southern hemisphere atmospheric circulation: impacts on Antarctic climate and reconstructions from Antarctic ice core data

  • Andrew Russell
  • Glenn R. McGregor
Article

Abstract

The atmospheric circulation patterns in the Southern Hemisphere have had a significant impact on the climate of the Antarctic and there is much evidence that these circulation patterns have changed in the recent past. This change is thought to have contributed to the warming trend observed at the Antarctic Peninsula over the last 50 years—one of the largest trends observed in this period on the planet. The trends associated with the continental Antarctic climate are less clear but are likely to be impacted less directly by atmospheric circulation changes. The circulation changes can be put into the context of longer timescales by considering atmospheric circulation reconstructions that have been performed using data from Antarctic ice cores. In this review paper we look at the main body of work examining: Antarctic climate trends; the understanding and impact of atmospheric circulation of the mid- to high-latitudes of the Southern Hemisphere; and the usefulness and reliability of atmospheric circulation reconstructions from Antarctic ice core data. Finally, beyond several of the more quantitative reconstructions, it is deemed that an assessment of their consistency is not possible due to the variety of circulation characteristics that the various reconstructions consider.

Keywords

Antarctic Peninsula Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer Southern Annular Mode Southern Annular Mode Index 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Earth, Atmospheric and Environmental SciencesUniversity of ManchesterManchesterUK
  2. 2.School of Geography, Geology and Environmental ScienceUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

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