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Climatic Change

, Volume 95, Issue 1–2, pp 23–45 | Cite as

Adapting to climate change in The Netherlands: an inventory of climate adaptation options and ranking of alternatives

  • K. de Bruin
  • R. B. Dellink
  • A. Ruijs
  • L. Bolwidt
  • A. van Buuren
  • J. Graveland
  • R. S. de Groot
  • P. J. Kuikman
  • S. Reinhard
  • R. P. Roetter
  • V. C. Tassone
  • A. Verhagen
  • E. C. van Ierland
Open Access
Article

Abstract

In many countries around the world impacts of climate change are assessed and adaptation options identified. We describe an approach for a qualitative and quantitative assessment of adaptation options to respond to climate change in the Netherlands. The study introduces an inventory and ranking of adaptation options based on stakeholder analysis and expert judgement, and presents some estimates of incremental costs and benefits. The qualitative assessment focuses on ranking and prioritisation of adaptation options. Options are selected and identified and discussed by stakeholders on the basis of a sectoral approach, and assessed with respect to their importance, urgency and other characteristics by experts. The preliminary quantitative assessment identifies incremental costs and benefits of adaptation options. Priority ranking based on a weighted sum of criteria reveals that in the Netherlands integrated nature and water management and risk based policies rank high, followed by policies aiming at ‘climate proof’ housing and infrastructure.

Keywords

Spatial Planning Adaptation Option Adaptation Policy Institutional Complexity National Research Programme 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. de Bruin
    • 1
  • R. B. Dellink
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Ruijs
    • 1
  • L. Bolwidt
    • 3
  • A. van Buuren
    • 4
  • J. Graveland
    • 5
  • R. S. de Groot
    • 6
  • P. J. Kuikman
    • 7
  • S. Reinhard
    • 8
    • 9
  • R. P. Roetter
    • 7
  • V. C. Tassone
    • 6
  • A. Verhagen
    • 10
  • E. C. van Ierland
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Economics and Natural Resources GroupWageningen UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Institute for Environmental StudiesVU University AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.RIZA, Institute for Inland Water Management and Waste Water TreatmentLelystadThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Department of Public AdministrationErasmus UniversiteitRotterdamThe Netherlands
  5. 5.RIKZ, National Institute for Coastal and Marine ManagementMiddelburgThe Netherlands
  6. 6.Environmental Systems AnalysisWageningen URWageningenThe Netherlands
  7. 7.AlterraWageningen URWageningenThe Netherlands
  8. 8.LEIWageningen URWageningenThe Netherlands
  9. 9.BSIK Leven met WaterGoudaThe Netherlands
  10. 10.Plant Research InternationalWageningen URWageningenThe Netherlands

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