Climatic Change

, Volume 95, Issue 3–4, pp 485–498 | Cite as

Long term changes in ice and discharge regime of rivers in the Baltic region in relation to climatic variability

  • Maris KlavinsEmail author
  • Agrita Briede
  • Valery Rodinov


The river ice regime is considered a sensitive indicator of climate change and within this study long term changes (in case of River Daugava starting from 1530, but for other studied rivers starting from first half of twentieth century) river ice regimes in the Baltic region have been studied. The ice cover duration on the rivers (17 rivers) in the Baltic countries and Belarus has decreased during the recent decades. In addition to this, long term observational records of ice break on the rivers of the studied region exhibit a pattern of periodic changes in the intensity of ice regime. Both the ice regime and the seasonal river discharge are shown to be strongly influenced by large-scale atmospheric circulation processes over North Atlantic that manifests through close correlation with North Atlantic Oscillation index.


North Atlantic Oscillation North Atlantic Oscillation Index Baltic Region Annual River Discharge North Atlantic Atmospheric Circulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Geographical and Earth SciencesUniversity of LatviaRigaLatvia

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