Climatic Change

, Volume 94, Issue 3–4, pp 473–482

Temporal and spatial distributions of wind storm damages in the United States



High wind caused catastrophes, storms causing property losses >$1 million, during 1952–2006 averaged 3.1 events per year in the U.S. The average loss per event was $90 million, and the annual average loss was $354 million. High wind catastrophes were most frequent in the Northeast, Central, and West Coast areas. Storm losses on the West Coast were the nation’s highest, averaging $115 million per event. High wind losses are the nation’s only form of severe weather that maximizes on the West Coast. High wind catastrophes were most frequent in winter, and were infrequent in the late spring and early fall seasons. Loss areas were frequently confined to one state. Losses in the western U.S. and nationally have increased during the 1952–2006 period, both with statistically significant upward trends.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Changnon SA (1980) Climatology of high damaging winds in the Midwest. In: Report of investigation 95. Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL, p 54Google Scholar
  2. Changnon SA (2001) Damaging thunderstorm activity in the U.S. Bull Am Meteorol Soc 82:597–608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Changnon SA (2003) Measures of economic losses from weather extremes: getting better but far from perfect. Bull Am Meteorol Soc 84:1231–1235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Changnon SA, Changnon JM (1992) Storm catastrophes in the United States. Nat Hazards 2:612–616Google Scholar
  5. Changnon D, Changnon SA (1998) Evaluation of weather catastrophe data for use in climate change investigations. Clim Change 38:435–445CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Changnon SA, Hewings J (2001) Losses from weather extremes in the United States. Nat Hazards Rev 2:113–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. FEMA (1997) Windstorms. In: Multi-hazard identification and risk assessment. FEMA, Washington, DC, pp 49–56Google Scholar
  8. Lecomte E (1993) Remarks. In: Climate and the insurance industry: the next generation. College of Insurance, New York, pp 13–19Google Scholar
  9. National Research Council (1999) The costs of natural disasters: a framework for assessment. National Academy, Washington, DC, 56 ppGoogle Scholar
  10. NCDC (2008) Winds. Climate maps of the U.S.
  11. Property Claims Services (2007) The catastrophe record for 2006. In: The fact book 2006: property casualty insurance. Insurance Information Institute, New York, NY, 33 ppGoogle Scholar
  12. Roth RJ (1996) The property casualty insurance industry and the weather of 1991–1994. In: In impacts and responses of the weather insurance industry to recent weather extremes. Changnon Climatologist, Mahomet, IL, pp 101–132Google Scholar
  13. University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (2007) Extreme weather source book., Accessed 12 June 2007
  14. Winstanley D, Changnon SA (2004) Insights to key questions about climate change. In: Information/technical material 2004–1. Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL, 68 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Illinois State Water SurveyChampaignUSA

Personalised recommendations