Climatic Change

, Volume 88, Issue 3–4, pp 209–249 | Cite as

Sectoral approaches to improve regional carbon budgets

  • Pete Smith
  • Gert-Jan Nabuurs
  • Ivan A. Janssens
  • Stefan Reis
  • Gregg Marland
  • Jean-François Soussana
  • Torben R. Christensen
  • Linda Heath
  • Mike Apps
  • Vlady Alexeyev
  • Jingyun Fang
  • Jean-Pierre Gattuso
  • Juan Pablo Guerschman
  • Yao Huang
  • Esteban Jobbagy
  • Daniel Murdiyarso
  • Jian Ni
  • Antonio Nobre
  • Changhui Peng
  • Adrian Walcroft
  • Shao Qiang Wang
  • Yude Pan
  • Guang Sheng Zhou
Open Access


Humans utilise about 40% of the earth’s net primary production (NPP) but the products of this NPP are often managed by different sectors, with timber and forest products managed by the forestry sector and food and fibre products from croplands and grasslands managed by the agricultural sector. Other significant anthropogenic impacts on the global carbon cycle include human utilization of fossil fuels and impacts on less intensively managed systems such as peatlands, wetlands and permafrost. A great deal of knowledge, expertise and data is available within each sector. We describe the contribution of sectoral carbon budgets to our understanding of the global carbon cycle. Whilst many sectors exhibit similarities for carbon budgeting, some key differences arise due to differences in goods and services provided, ecology, management practices used, land-management personnel responsible, policies affecting land management, data types and availability, and the drivers of change. We review the methods and data sources available for assessing sectoral carbon budgets, and describe some of key data limitations and uncertainties for each sector in different regions of the world. We identify the main gaps in our knowledge/data, show that coverage is better for the developed world for most sectors, and suggest how sectoral carbon budgets could be improved in the future. Research priorities include the development of shared protocols through site networks, a move to full carbon accounting within sectors, and the assessment of full greenhouse gas budgets.


Soil Organic Carbon Glob Biogeochem Cycle Forest Sector Glob Chang Biol Soil Organic Carbon Sequestration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pete Smith
    • 1
  • Gert-Jan Nabuurs
    • 2
  • Ivan A. Janssens
    • 3
  • Stefan Reis
    • 4
  • Gregg Marland
    • 5
    • 6
  • Jean-François Soussana
    • 7
  • Torben R. Christensen
    • 8
  • Linda Heath
    • 9
  • Mike Apps
    • 10
  • Vlady Alexeyev
    • 11
  • Jingyun Fang
    • 12
  • Jean-Pierre Gattuso
    • 13
  • Juan Pablo Guerschman
    • 14
  • Yao Huang
    • 15
  • Esteban Jobbagy
    • 16
  • Daniel Murdiyarso
    • 17
  • Jian Ni
    • 18
    • 25
  • Antonio Nobre
    • 19
  • Changhui Peng
    • 20
  • Adrian Walcroft
    • 21
  • Shao Qiang Wang
    • 22
  • Yude Pan
    • 23
  • Guang Sheng Zhou
    • 24
  1. 1.School of Biological SciencesUniversity of AberdeenAberdeenUK
  2. 2.ALTERRAWageningen University & Research CentreWageningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of BiologyUniversity of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium
  4. 4.CEH, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology EdinburghMidlothianUK
  5. 5.Environmental Sci. Div.Oak Ridge National LabOak RidgeUSA
  6. 6.Ecotechnology ProgramMid Sweden UniversityÖstersundSweden
  7. 7.Agronomy UnitINRAClermont FerrandFrance
  8. 8.GeoBiosphere Sci Ctr, Phys Geog and Ecosyst AnalLund UniversityLundSweden
  9. 9.US Forest ServUSDADurhamUSA
  10. 10.Canadian Forest ServicePacific Forestry CentreVictoriaCanada
  11. 11.Russian Acad SciVn Sukachev Inst Forests ResNovosibirskRussia
  12. 12.Coll Environm Sci, Department EcolPeking UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  13. 13.Observatoire OcéanologiqueLaboratoire d’Océanographie, CNRS-UPMCVillefranche-sur-mer CedexFrance
  14. 14.CSIRO Land and WaterCanberraAustralia
  15. 15.Inst Atmospher PhysChinese Acad SciBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  16. 16.Grupo de Estudios AmbientalesUniversidad Nacional del San Luis & CONICETSan LuisArgentina
  17. 17.CIFORJakartaIndonesia
  18. 18.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst BotLab Quantitat Vegetat EcolBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  19. 19.Inst Nacl Pesquisas da AmazôniaEscritório Regional no INPESao Jose dos CamposBrazil
  20. 20.Institute of Environment SciencesUniversity of Quebec at Montreal Case postale 8888MontrealCanada
  21. 21.Landcare ResearchPalmerston NorthNew Zealand
  22. 22.Chinese Acad SciInst Geog Sci and Nat Resources ResBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  23. 23.USDA Forest ServiceGlobal Change ProgramNewtown SquareUSA
  24. 24.Inst Bot, Lab Quantitat Vegetat EcolChinese Acad SciBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  25. 25.Max Planck Institute for BiogeochemistryJenaGermany

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