Climatic Change

, Volume 84, Issue 1, pp 59–73 | Cite as

The clean development mechanism’s contribution to sustainable development: a review of the literature

  • Karen Holm Olsen


The challenges of how to respond to climate change and ensure sustainable development are currently high on the political agenda among the world’s leading nations. The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is part of the global carbon market developing rapidly as part of the Kyoto response towards the mitigation of global warming. One of the aims of the CDM is to achieve sustainable development in developing countries, but uncertainty prevails as to whether the CDM is doing what it promises to do. Close to 200 studies on the CDM have been carried out since its birth in 1997 including peer-reviewed articles and reports from the grey literature. This review of the literature serves to assess the state of knowledge on how the CDM contributes to sustainable development (SD) including poverty alleviation. The main finding of the review is that, left to market forces, the CDM does not significantly contribute to sustainable development.


Clean Development Mechanism Climate Policy Clean Development Mechanism Project Carbon Market Carbon Forestry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Network for Environment and DevelopmentUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagen KDenmark
  2. 2.UNEP Risø CentreRisø National LaboratoryRoskildeDenmark

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