Climatic Change

, Volume 78, Issue 2–4, pp 445–478 | Cite as

Impact of Climate Change on Indian Agriculture: A Review

  • R. K. Mall
  • Ranjeet Singh
  • Akhilesh Gupta
  • G. Srinivasan
  • L. S. Rathore
Article

Abstract

During the recent decade, with the growing recognition of the possibility of climate change and clear evidence of observed changes in climate during 20th century, an increasing emphasis on food security and its regional impacts has come to forefront of the scientific community. In recent times, the crop simulation models have been used extensively to study the impact of climate change on agricultural production and food security. The output provided by the simulation models can be used to make appropriate crop management decisions and to provide farmers and others with alternative options for their farming system. It is expected that in the coming decades with the increased use of computers, the use of simulation models by farmers and professionals as well as policy and decision makers will increase. In India, substantial work has been done in last decade aimed at understanding the nature and magnitude of change in yield of different crops due to projected climate change. This paper presents an overview of the state of the knowledge of possible effect of the climate variability and change on food grain production in India.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. K. Mall
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ranjeet Singh
    • 3
  • Akhilesh Gupta
    • 3
  • G. Srinivasan
    • 4
  • L. S. Rathore
    • 3
  1. 1.Central Ground Water BoardNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of GeophysicsBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia
  3. 3.National Center for Medium range Weather ForecastingNoidaIndia
  4. 4.India Meteorological DepartmentNew DelhiIndia

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