Climatic Change

, Volume 77, Issue 3–4, pp 431–448 | Cite as

The Reconstruction of Paleovegetation and Paleoclimate in the Late Pliocene of West Yunnan, China

  • Xiang-Yu Kou
  • David K. Ferguson
  • Jing-Xian Xu
  • Yu-Fei Wang
  • Cheng-Sen Li
Open Access
Article

Abstract

The Eryuan palynoflora from the Late Pliocene of western Yunnan, China is described in this paper, and is compared with two contemporary palynofloras from Yangyi and Longling. The palynological data of the three locations are analyzed to reconstruct the climatic parameters of these areas at that time by using the Coexistence Approach. The Late Pliocene climatic parameters of Eryuan are estimated, i.e., the mean annual temperature ranged from 13.3 to 18.6C, the mean temperature of the warmest month from 24.6 to 27.5C, the mean temperature of the coldest month from 1.9 to 12.1C, the difference in temperatures of coldest and warmest month from 14.2 to 16.6C, the mean annual precipitation from 619.9 to 1484.3 mm, the mean maximum monthly precipitation from 143.8 to 245.6 mm, and the mean minimum monthly precipitation from 12.7 to 16.4 mm. Both paleovegetation and paleoclimate of the three localities are compared with the modern data at each location. The present study suggests a MAT decrease accompanied by a doubling of the MAP in the Longling area between the Late Pliocene and the present. This seems to be related to the uplift of Gaoligong Mountain in Longling which is now part of the eastern portion (Western Yunnan) of the Tibetan Plateau.

References

  1. BGMRYP (Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources of Yunnan Province): 1990, Regional Geology of Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China Ministry of Geology and Mineral Resources, Geological Memoirs, Series 1, Geological Publishing House, Beijing, pp. 1–728 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  2. BGMRYP (Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources of Yunnan Province): 1996, Stratigraphy (lithostratic) of Yunnan Province, Multiple Classification and Correlation of the Stratigraphy of China (53), China University of Geosciences Press, Beijing, pp. 1–366 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  3. Chen, Z. Y. (editor-in-chief): 2001, The Climate of Yunnan, China Meteorological Press, Beijing, pp. 1–196 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  4. De Buen, L. L. and Ornelas, J. F.: 2002, ‘Host Compatibility of the Cloud Forest Mistletoe Psittacanthus schiedeanus (Loranthaceae) in Central Veracruz, Mexico’, American Journal of Botany 89(1), 95–102.Google Scholar
  5. Ge, H. R. and Li, D. Y.: 1999, Cenozoic Coal-bearing Basins and Coal-forming Regularity in West Yunnan, Yunnan Science and Technology Press, Kunming, pp. 1–81 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  6. Hsü, J., Tao, J. R., and Sun, X. J.: 1973, ‘The Discovery of a Quercus Semicarpifolia Bed in Mount Shisha Pangma and its Significance in Botany and Geology’, Acta Botanica Sinica 15(1), 103–119. (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  7. Hutchinson T. F., Boerner, R. E. J., Iverson, L. R., Sutherland S., and Sutherland, E. K.: 1999, ‘Landscape Patterns of Understory Composition and Richness across a moisture and Nitrogen Mineralization Gradient in Ohio (U.S.A.) Quercus Forests’, Plant Ecology 144, 177–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. IBCAS and SCIBCAS (Institute of Botany and South China Institute of Botany and Chinese Academy of Sciences): 1982, Angiosperm Pollen Flora of Tropic and Subtropic China, Science Press, Beijing, pp. 1–453 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  9. IBCAS (Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences): 1976, Sporae Pteridophytorum Sinicorum, Science Press, Beijing, pp. 1–414 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  10. IDBMC (Information Department of Beijing Meteorological Center): 1983a, Land Climate Data of China (1951–1980) (part II), China Meteorological Press, Beijing, pp. 4–5, 72–73 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  11. IDBMC (Information Department of Beijing Meteorological Center): 1983b, Land Climate Data of China (1951–1980) (part VI), China Meteorological Press, Beijing, pp. 4–6, 126–128 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  12. IDBMC (Information Department of Beijing Meteorological Center): 1984a, Land Climate Data of China (1951–1980) (part I), China Meteorological Press, Beijing, pp. 4–6, 86–87 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  13. IDBMC (Information Department of Beijing Meteorological Center): 1984b, Land Climate Data of China (1951–1980) (part III), China Meteorological Press, Beijing, pp. 4–6, 107–109 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  14. IDBMC (Information Department of Beijing Meteorological Center): 1984c, Land Climate Data of China (1951–1980) (part IV), China Meteorological Press, Beijing, pp. 4–6, 99–101 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  15. IDBMC (Information Department of Beijing Meteorological Center): 1984d, Land Climate Data of China (1951–1980) (part V), China Meteorological Press, Beijing, pp. 4–6, 108–110 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  16. Infante, F., Castro, A., Domínguez, E., Guárdia, A., Méndez, J., Sabariego, S. and Vega, A.:1999, ‘A Comparative Study of the Incidence of Cladosporium conidia in the Atmosphere of Five Spanish Cities’, Polen 10, 15–23.Google Scholar
  17. Li, X. Q. and Du, N. Q.: 1999, ‘The Acid-alkali-free Analysis of Quaternary pollen’, Acta Botanica Sinica 41, 782–784 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  18. Maes, E., Iserentant, A., Herbauts, J., and Delvaux, B.: 1999, ‘Infuence of the Nature of Clay Minerals on the Fixation of Radiocaesium Traces in an Acid Brown Earth-podzol Weathering Sequence’, European Journal of Soil Science 50, 117–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Moore, P. D., Webb, J. A., and Collinson, M. E.: 1991, Pollen Analysis, 2nd Edition, Blackwell Scientific Publications, London, pp. 1–191.Google Scholar
  20. Mosbrugger V. and Utescher T.: 1997, ‘The Coexistence Approach—a Method for Quantitative Reconstructions of Tertiary Terrestrial Palaeoclimate Data Using Plant Fossils’, Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 134, 61–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Nardini, A., Salleo, S., LoGullo, M. A. and Pitt, F.: 2000, ‘Different responses to drought and freeze stress of Quercus ilex L. growing along a latitudinal gradient’, Plant Ecology 148, 139–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Tao, J. R. and Kong, Z. C.: 1973, ‘The Fossil Florule and Sporo-pollen Assemblage of the Shang-in Coal Series of Erhyuan, Yunnan’, Acta Botanica Sinica 15(1), 120–126 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  23. Tapponnier, P., Xu, Z. Q., Roger, F., Meyer, B., Arnaud, N., Wittlinger, G., and Yang, J. S.: 2001, ‘Oblique stepwise rise and growth of the tibet plateau’, Science 294, 1671–1677.PubMedCrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. Vetaas, O. R.: 2000, ‘Comparing species temperature response curves: population density versus second-hand data’, Journal of Vegetation Science 11, 659–666.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wang, F. H., Chie, N. F., Zhang, Y. L. and Yang, H. Q.: 1995, Pollen Flora of China, 2nd Edition, Science Press, Beijing, pp. 1–461 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  26. WCECA (Writing Committee of Eryuan County Annals): 1996, Eryuan County Annals, Yunnan People's Publishing House, Kunming, pp. 1–769 (In Chinese).Google Scholar
  27. WGYV (Writing Group of Yunnan Vegetation): 1987, Vegetation of Yunnan, Science Press, Beijing, pp. 1–843 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  28. Wu, Z. Y. and Ding, T. Y.: 1999, Seed Plants of China, Yunnan Science and Technology Press, Kunming (Electronic publication in Chinese).Google Scholar
  29. Xu, J. X., Ferguson, D. K., Li, C. S., Wang, Y. F. and Du, N. Q.: 2004, ‘Climatic and ecological implications of late pliocene palynoflora from longling, Yunnan, China’, Quaternary International 117, 91–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Xu, J. X., Wang, Y. F. and Du, N. Q.: 2003, ‘Late pliocene vegetation and paleoclimate of yangyi and longling of West Yunnan province’, Journal of Palaeogeography 5(2), 217–223 (in Chinese with English abstract).MATHGoogle Scholar
  31. Xu, J. X., Wang, Y. F. and Li, C. S.: 2000, ‘A method for quantitative reconstruction of tertiary palaeoclimate and environment — coexistence approach’, In: Li C. S., (editor in chief), Advances in plant science, vol. 3, China Higher Education Press, Beijing and Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, pp. 195–203 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  32. Xu, J. X.: 2002, Palynology, Paleovegetation and Paleoclimate of Neogene, Central-Western Yunnan, China, Ph. D. thesis, Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China pp. 1–158 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  33. Zhang, R. Z., Zheng, D., Yang, Q. Y. and Liu, Y. H.: 1997, Physical Geography of Hengduan Mountains, Science Press, Beijing, pp. 1–150 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiang-Yu Kou
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 6
  • David K. Ferguson
    • 4
  • Jing-Xian Xu
    • 5
  • Yu-Fei Wang
    • 1
  • Cheng-Sen Li
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
  1. 1.Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of BotanyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingP.R. China
  2. 2.The State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesXi‘anP.R. China
  3. 3.College of Resources Science and TechnologyBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingP.R. China
  4. 4.Department of PaleontologyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  5. 5.Beijing Museum of Natural HistoryBeijingP.R. China
  6. 6.Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingP.R. China

Personalised recommendations