Climatic Change

, Volume 73, Issue 1–2, pp 1–12 | Cite as

CLIWOC: A Climatological Database for the World's Oceans 1750–1854

  • R. García-Herrera
  • G. P. Können
  • D. A. Wheeler
  • M. R. Prieto
  • P. D. Jones
  • F. B. Koek


We have compiled a meteorological database over the world's oceans by digitizing data from European ship logbooks of voyages in the period 1750–1854. The observations are carefully reviewed and transformed into quantitative data. The chief contents of the database are wind direction and wind force information, from a period without standardized scales. It is found that the information content of these so-called non-instrumental data is much higher than previously believed. The 105-year CLIWOC database extends existing meteorological world ocean databases like ICOADS back in time by a full century.


Full Century Quantitative Data Wind Direction Information Content World Ocean 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. García-Herrera
    • 1
  • G. P. Können
    • 2
  • D. A. Wheeler
    • 3
  • M. R. Prieto
    • 4
  • P. D. Jones
    • 5
  • F. B. Koek
    • 2
  1. 1.Dto. Física de la Tierra II, Facultad de FísicasUniversidad Complutense de MadridMadridSpain
  2. 2.Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI)De BiltThe Netherlands
  3. 3.School of Health, Natural and Social SciencesUniversity of SunderlandSunderlandU.K.
  4. 4.Instituto Argentino de Nivología y GlaciologíaMendozaArgentina
  5. 5.Climatic Research Unit (CRU)University of East AngliaNorwichU.K.

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