Climatic Change

, Volume 68, Issue 3, pp 269–279 | Cite as

A slippery slope: How much global warming constitutes “dangerous anthropogenic interference”?

An Editorial Essay

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abdalati, W. and Steffen, K.: 2001, ‘Greenland ice sheet melt: 1979–1999’, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 33983–33988.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, M., Raper, S., and Mitchell, J.: 2001, ‘Uncertainty in the IPCC’s third assessment report’, Science 293, 430–433.Google Scholar
  3. Clarke, A. D. and Noone, K. J.: 1985, ‘Soot in the Arctic snowpack: A cause for perturbations in radiative transfer’, Atmos. Environ. 19, 2045–2053.Google Scholar
  4. Droxler, A. W., Poore, R. Z., and Burckle, L. H.: 2003, ‘Earth’s climate and orbital eccentricity: The marine isotope stage 11 question’, Geophys. Mono. Ser., 137, 240 pp., ISBN#0-87590-996-5, American Geophysics Union, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  5. Hansen, J., Sato, M., Ruedy, R., Lacis, A., and Oinas, V.: 2000, ‘Global warming in the twentyfirst century: An alternative scenario’, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 97, 9875–9800.Google Scholar
  6. Hansen, J., Ruedy, R., Sato, M., Imhoff, M., Lawrence, W., Easterling, D., Peterson, T. and Karl, T.: 2001, ‘A closer look at United States and global surface temperature change’, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 23947–23963.Google Scholar
  7. Hansen, J., Sato, M., Nazarenko, L., Ruedy, R., Lacis, A., Koch, D., Tegen, I., Hall, T., Shindell, D., Santer, B., Stone, P., Novakov, T., Thomason, L., Wang, R., Wang, Y., Jacob, D., Hollandsworth, S., Bishop, L., Logan, J., Thompson, A., Stolarski, R., Lean, J., Willson, R., Levitus, S., Antonov, J., Rayner, N., Parker, D., and Christy, J.: 2002, ‘Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies SI2000 simulations’, J. Geophys. Res. 107(D18), 4347, doi:10.1029/2001JD001143.Google Scholar
  8. Hansen, J.: 2004, ‘Defusing the global warming time bomb’, Sci. Amer. 290, 68–77, excerpted from http://pubs.giss.nasa.gov/abstracts/2004/Hansen1.html.
  9. Hansen, J. and Nazarenko, L.: 2004, ‘Soot climate forcing via snow and ice albedos’, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 101, 423–428.Google Scholar
  10. Hansen, J. and Sato, M.: in press, ‘Greenhouse gas growth rates’, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.Google Scholar
  11. Hearty, P. J., Kindler, P., Cheng, H. and Edwards, R. L.: 1999, ‘A +20 m middle Pleistocene sealevel highstand (Bermuda and Bahamas) due to partial collapse of Antarctic ice’, Geology 27, 375–378.Google Scholar
  12. Heinrich, H.: 1988, ‘Origin and consequences of cyclic ice rafting in the northeast Atlantic Ocean during the past 130,000 years’, Quat. Res. 29, 142–152.Google Scholar
  13. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: 2001, in Houghton, J. T., Y. Ding, D. J. Griggs, M. Noguer, van der Linden, P. J., X. Dai, K. Maskell, C. A. Johnson (eds.), Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis, Cambridge University Press, U.K. Cambridge.Google Scholar
  14. Kennett, J. P., Cannariato, K. G., Hendy, I. L. and Behl, R. J.: 2003, ‘Methane hydrates in Quaternary climate change: The clathrate gun hypothesis’, American Geophysics Union, Washington, 216 pp.Google Scholar
  15. Kienast, M., Hanebuth, T. J. J., Pelejero, C., and Steinke, S.: 2003, ‘Synchroneity of meltwater pulse 1a and the bolling warming: New evidence from the South China Sea’, Geology 31, 67–70.Google Scholar
  16. King, A. L. and Howard, W. R.: 2000, ‘Middle Pleistocene sea-surface temperature change in the southwest Pacific Ocean on orbital and suborbital time scales’, Geology 28, 659–662.Google Scholar
  17. Lambeck, K. and Nakada, M.: 1993, ‘Constraints on the age and duration of the last interglacial period and on sea-level variations’, Nature 357, 125–128.Google Scholar
  18. Levitus, S., Antonov, J. I., Boyer, T. P., and Stephens, C.: 2000, ‘Warming of the world ocean’, Science 287, 2225–2229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Parizek, B. R. and Alley, R. B.: in press, ‘Implications of increased Greenland surface melt under global-warming scenarios: Ice-sheet simulations’, Quaternary Sci. Rev.Google Scholar
  20. Petit, J. R., et al.: 1999, ‘Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420,000 years from Vostok ice core by an inverse method, Antarctica’, Nature 399, 429–436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sun, S. and Hansen, J. E.: 2003, ‘Climate simulations for 1951–2050 with a coupled atmosphereocean model’, J. Clim. 16, 2807–2826.Google Scholar
  22. Warren, S. G. and Wiscombe, W. J.: 1980, ‘A model for the spectral albedo of snow. II: Snow containing atmospheric aerosols’, J. Atmos. Sci. 37, 2734–2745.Google Scholar
  23. Wild, M., Calanca, P., Scherer, S. C. and Ohmura, A.: 2003, ‘Effects of polar ice sheets on global sea level in high-resolution greenhouse scenarios’, J. Geophys. Res. 108(D5), 4165, doi: 10.1029/2002JD002451.Google Scholar
  24. Zwally, H. J., Abdalati, W., Herring, T., Larson, K., Saba, J. and Steffen, K.: 2002, ‘Surface melt-induced acceleration of Greenland ice-sheet flow’, Science 297, 218–222.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies 2880 BroadwayNew YorkU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations