Czechoslovak Journal of Physics

, Volume 55, Issue 7, pp 893–911 | Cite as

Zero-field and in-field Mössbauer spectroscopy as a tool for structural and magnetic characterization of maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) nanoparticles

  • J. Tuček
  • R. Zboril
Article

Abstract

Nowadays, nanoparticles of maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) represent one of the most useful materials in modern advanced nanotechnological applications due to their superior magnetic properties. For their characterization,57Fe zero-field and in-field Mössbauer spectroscopy have proved themselves to be very powerful and effective tools which are crucial for an investigation of the local surrounding of iron atoms and observation of dynamic effects. The structural and magnetic characteristics of maghemite and its nanoparticles are thus discussed with regard to their zero-field and in-field Mössbauer spectra recorded at various temperatures and applied external magnetic fields. In addition, a special attention is also devoted to remarkable physical phenomena (superparamagnetism, spin canting) occurring largely in maghemite nanosized particles.

PACS

76.80.+y 75.75.+a 

Key words

maghemite γ-Fe2O3 zero-field and in-field Mössbauer spectroscopy superparamagnetism spin canting 

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Copyright information

© Institute of Physics, Acad. Sci. CR 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Tuček
    • 1
  • R. Zboril
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Experimental PhysicsPalacky UniversityOlomoucCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Physical ChemistryPalacky UniversityOlomoucCzech Republic

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