Czechoslovak Journal of Physics

, Volume 55, Issue 3, pp 271–283 | Cite as

Overview of edge electrostatic turbulence experiments on TCV

  • J. Horacek
  • R. A. Pitts
  • J. P. Graves


Experiments on edge turbulence in the TCV tokamak have been performed for the first time at the beginning of 2003. This paper presents an overview of some of the results obtained, concentrating in particular on two areas: universality of density fluctuations and the dynamical coupling between radial turbulent-driven fluxes and parallel flows.

Plasma fluctuations in the edge of the TCV tokamak have been found to exhibit statistical properties which are universal across a broad range of discharge conditions. Analysis of the time series of density fluctuations in the entire scrape-off layer (SOL) region from just inside the magnetic separatrix to the plasma-wall interface, yields a probability distribution function (PDF) of density which conforms closely to a Gamma distribution. In the wall vicinity, the density fluctuations exhibit clear evidence of self-similarity and are characterised by a PDF with universal shape and with a standard deviation proportional to the mean density. It is also found that radial particle-flux fluctuations scale solely with the mean density. Such findings indicate that it may be possible to improve the prediction of transport in the critical plasma-wall interaction region of future large-scale tokamaks.

Recent experiments on JET [C. Hidalgo et al.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 (2003) 065001] have investigated a possible link between turbulent transport and the parallel flows. Similar experiments have been performed on TCV for a variety of plasma conditions and flow magnitudes. Although correlations have been found as seen on JET, especially in the wall vicinity, it appears that the magnitude of the coupling is insufficient to drive any significant flow.

Key words

tokamak TCV Langmuir probe edge plasma turbulence parallel flows 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    G.Y. Antar et al.: Phys. Plasmas 8 (2001) 1612.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    G.Y. Antar et al.: Phys. Plasmas 10 (2003) 419.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    B.A. Carreras, V.E. Lynch, and B. LaBombard: Phys. Plasmas 8 (2001) 3702.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    C. Hidalgo et al.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 (2003) 065001.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    S.K. Erents et al.: Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 46 (2004) 1757.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    F. Hofmann et al.: Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 36 (1994) B277.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    J.A. Boedo at al.: Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69 (1998) 2663.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    J.A. Boedo et al.: Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70 (1999) 2997.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    S.K. Erents et al.: Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 42 (2000) 905.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    B. LaBombard et al.: Phys. Plasmas 8 (2001) 2107.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    I.H. Hutchinson: Phys. Rev. A 37 (1988) 4358.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    M. Greenwald: Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 44 (2002) R27–R80.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    L. Mandel and E. Wolf: Rev. Mod. Phys. 37 (1965) 231.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    M. Evans, N. Hastings, and B. Peacock: Statistical distributions, 2nd ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1993.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    A.N. Kolmogorov: C.R. Acad. Sci. USSR 30 (1941) 301; English transl.: Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 434 (1991) 9.Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    B. LaBombard et al.: Phys. Plasmas 8 (2001) 2107.Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    F. Sattin, N. Vianello, and M. Valisa: Phys. Plasmas 11 (2004) 5032.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    G. Vayakis: PhD. thesis, University of Oxford, 1991.Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    C. Hidalgo et al.: Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 44 (2002) 1557.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of Czech Republic 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Horacek
    • 1
  • R. A. Pitts
    • 1
  • J. P. Graves
    • 1
  1. 1.École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Centre de Recherches en Physique des PlasmasAssociation EURATOM-Confédération SuisseLausanneSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations