Language Resources and Evaluation

, Volume 47, Issue 4, pp 1327–1342 | Cite as

An open diachronic corpus of historical Spanish

  • Felipe Sánchez-MartínezEmail author
  • Isabel Martínez-Sempere
  • Xavier Ivars-Ribes
  • Rafael C. Carrasco
Project Note


The impact-es diachronic corpus of historical Spanish compiles over one hundred books—containing approximately 8 million words—in addition to a complementary lexicon which links more than 10,000 lemmas with attestations of the different variants found in the documents. This textual corpus and the accompanying lexicon have been released under an open license (Creative Commons by-nc-sa) in order to permit their intensive exploitation in linguistic research. Approximately 7 % of the words in the corpus (a selection aimed at enhancing the coverage of the most frequent word forms) have been annotated with their lemma, part of speech, and modern equivalent. This paper describes the annotation criteria followed and the standards, based on the Text Encoding Initiative recommendations, used to represent the texts in digital form.


Diachronic corpus Historical Spanish Linguistic annotation TEI 



Work funded by the European Commission under the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) through the IMPACT (IMproving ACcess to Text) project. We thank Mikel L. Forcada for his fruitful suggestions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Felipe Sánchez-Martínez
    • 1
    Email author
  • Isabel Martínez-Sempere
    • 1
  • Xavier Ivars-Ribes
    • 1
  • Rafael C. Carrasco
    • 1
  1. 1.Dep. de Llenguatges i Sistemes InformàticsUniversitat d’AlacantAlacantSpain

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