Language Resources and Evaluation

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 25–36 | Cite as

Annotation of sentence structure

Capturing the relationship between clauses in Czech sentences
  • Markéta Lopatková
  • Petr Homola
  • Natalia Klyueva
Original paper

Abstract

The focus of this article is on the creation of a collection of sentences manually annotated with respect to their sentence structure. We show that the concept of linear segments—linguistically motivated units, which may be easily detected automatically—serves as a good basis for the identification of clauses in Czech. The segment annotation captures such relationships as subordination, coordination, apposition and parenthesis; based on segmentation charts, individual clauses forming a complex sentence are identified. The annotation of a sentence structure enriches a dependency-based framework with explicit syntactic information on relations among complex units like clauses. We have gathered a collection of 3,444 sentences from the Prague Dependency Treebank, which were annotated with respect to their sentence structure (these sentences comprise 10,746 segments forming 6,341 clauses). The main purpose of the project is to gain a development data—promising results for Czech NLP tools (as a dependency parser or a machine translation system for related languages) that adopt an idea of clause segmentation have been already reported. The collection of sentences with annotated sentence structure provides the possibility of further improvement of such tools.

Keywords

Sentence and clause structure Dependency and coordination Annotation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Markéta Lopatková
    • 1
  • Petr Homola
    • 1
  • Natalia Klyueva
    • 1
  1. 1.Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Mathematics and PhysicsPragueCzech Republic

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