Child Psychiatry & Human Development

, Volume 50, Issue 6, pp 927–939 | Cite as

The Multidimensional Youth Body Dysmorphic Inventory: Development and Preliminary Validation

  • Carly RobertsEmail author
  • Melanie J. Zimmer-Gembeck
  • Lara J. Farrell
Original Article


A new measure specifically designed for adolescents to assess body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) symptoms is needed to identify youth who could benefit from intervention to reduce their BDD-related symptomology. To address this gap, the Multidimensional Youth Body Dysmorphic Inventory (MY BODI) was developed and the psychometric properties were evaluated. Following development and expert assessment, Australian secondary school students (N = 582; 55% female; Mage = 13.62, SD = 1.59, aged 11 to 18 years, grades 7 to 12) completed a survey with the new items and validation measures. Results from the factor analysis supported a 3-factor, 21-items measure, which aligned with the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria of Impairment/avoidance, Preoccupation/repetitive behaviours, and Insight/distress. Supporting the convergent validity of the measure, the MY BODI total score and sub-scale scores correlated with measures of BDD symptoms, including the Appearance Anxiety Inventory (AAI) and Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire-Adolescent Version (BDDQ-A). This study provides preliminary validation of the MY BODI, a self-report measure of BDD symptoms and symptom severity, using a response set aimed to facilitate more reliable reporting, which may identify risk for BDD, and symptoms of BDD.


Body dysmorphic disorder Adolescents Scale development Appearance anxiety Psychometrics 



The authors thank the researchers and clinicians who conducted the final face validity check of the new scale. Besides the authors of this article, this consists of Jacinda Cadman (Griffith University, Australia), Shawna Campbell (Griffith University, Australia), Jennifer Greenberg (Harvard Medical School, and Translational Research in the Obsessive–Compulsive and Related Disorders Program - Massachusetts General Hospital, USA), Cassie Lavell (Griffith University, Australia), Eric Storch (University of South Florida, and Rogers Behavioral Health - Tampa Bay, USA), and Haley Webb (Griffith University, Australia).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carly Roberts
    • 1
    Email author
  • Melanie J. Zimmer-Gembeck
    • 1
  • Lara J. Farrell
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Applied Psychology and Menzies Health Institute of QueenslandGriffith UniversitySouthportAustralia

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