Child–Mother and Child–Father Attachment Security: Links to Internalizing Adjustment Among Children with Learning Disabilities
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The study examined the unique role of children’s attachment with the father and with the mother, in explaining differences in internalizing features (i.e., loneliness, sense of coherence, hope and effort, and internalizing behavior syndrome) among 107 children with learning disabilities (LD) versus 98 children with typical development ages 8–12. Preliminary analyses yielded significant group differences on most measures. SEM analysis indicated high fit between the theoretical model and empirical findings, and different patterns of relations among the model’s components for the two populations. As hypothesized, child–father and child–mother attachment contributed differently to children’s internalizing features for the two subgroups. Discussion focused on understanding unique and complementary roles of attachment relations with fathers versus mothers among children with and without LD.