Child Psychiatry & Human Development

, Volume 43, Issue 1, pp 102–112 | Cite as

Maternal Overcontrol and Child Anxiety: The Mediating Role of Perceived Competence

Original Article

Abstract

Previous research has shown that maternal overcontrol is related to higher levels of child anxiety. It has been theorized, though not empirically tested, that maternal overcontrol decreases child perceived competence and mastery, which increases child anxiety. The present study investigated this theory using a sample of 89 mother–child dyads (children aged 6–13, 84.3% Caucasian, 6.7% African American, and 51.7% male). After statistically controlling for maternal anxiety level, child perceived competence was shown to partially mediate the relationship between maternal overcontrol and child anxiety. Though current findings are based on cross sectional data, they suggest multiple pathways through which maternal overcontrol impacts child anxiety. One pathway, described in theoretical models, posits that greater levels of parental control reduce children’s opportunities to acquire appropriate developmental skills, lowering their perceived competence, and thus increasing their anxiety. Implications of these findings and directions for future research are discussed.

Keywords

Parenting Anxiety Overcontrol Perceived competence Child anxiety 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This study was supported by grants from the National Institute of Mental Health (K23MH63427-02 and R01MH077312-01) awarded to Golda S. Ginsburg.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesThe Johns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA

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