Maternal Anxiety, Behaviors, and Expectations During a Behavioral Task: Relation to Children’s Self-Evaluations
- 199 Downloads
This study examined the associations between maternal anxiety, behaviors, and expectations and children’s self-evaluations of distress, coping, and performance during a stressful performance evaluation task. Seventy-five mothers (38 clinically anxious and 37 nonanxious) along with one of their children aged 6–14 (52.0% female; 78.7% Caucasian) were videotaped while preparing the child to deliver a speech about themselves. Child and parent assessments were obtained before and after the speech, and independent coders rated maternal behavior during the speech preparation. Maternal anxiety and behaviors accounted for a greater proportion of variance in children’s self-evaluations than did maternal expectations, such that children of mothers who reported higher task anxiety and demonstrated more overcontrol and anxious behavior during the task evaluated themselves more negatively. These findings extend the literature by providing information about the relative associations between maternal factors and children’s self-evaluations within the context of an in vivo stressful situation.
KeywordsChild anxiety Maternal anxiety Expectations Overcontrol Anxious behavior
This study was supported by a grant from the National Institute of Mental Health (MH63427-02) awarded to Golda S. Ginsburg, Ph.D. During manuscript preparation, Kimberly Becker was supported by the National Institute of Mental Health (T32 MH18834).
- 7.Bandura A (1986) Social foundations of thought and action: a social cognitive theory. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJGoogle Scholar
- 17.Cooley C (1902) Human nature and the social order. Scribner’s, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 29.Costello E, Egger H, Angold A (2004) The developmental epidemiology of anxiety disorders. In: Ollendick R, March J (eds) Phobic and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. Oxford University Press, New York, pp 61–91Google Scholar
- 31.Brown T, DiNardo P, Barlow D (1994) Anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV. Graywind Publications, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 32.Silverman W, Albano A (1996) The anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV: child and parent versions. Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, TXGoogle Scholar
- 37.West S, Finch J, Curran P (1995) Structural equation models with nonnormal variables: problems and remedies. In: Hoyle R (ed) Structural equation modeling: concepts, issues, and applications. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA, pp 56–75Google Scholar
- 38.Menard S (1995) Applied logistic regression analysis. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CAGoogle Scholar