Child Psychiatry and Human Development

, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 311–322 | Cite as

Prevalence Rates of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in a School Sample of Venezuelan Children

  • Cecilia Montiel
  • Joaquín A. Peña
  • Isabel Montiel-Barbero
  • Guilherme Polanczyk
Original Paper


A total of 1,535 4–12 year-old children were screened with the Conners’ rating scales, followed by diagnostic confirmation by the diagnostic interview schedule for children-IV-parent version. The prevalence of ADHD was estimated to be 10.03%, and only 3.9% of children had received medication for the treatment of ADHD symptoms. Prevalence rates and demographic profile of Venezuelan children with ADHD are very similar to those found in samples from other countries. Authorities need to develop public health policies to correctly identify and treat affected subjects. Furthermore, clinicians must actively search for children with ADHD in order to provide the best-available treatment.


ADHD Prevalence Epidemiology Venezuela Latin America Culture 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cecilia Montiel
    • 1
  • Joaquín A. Peña
    • 2
  • Isabel Montiel-Barbero
    • 1
  • Guilherme Polanczyk
    • 3
  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentLa Universidad del ZuliaMaracaiboVenezuela
  2. 2.Graduate Program of Pediatric NeurologySchool of Medicine, La Universidad del ZuliaMaracaiboVenezuela
  3. 3.ADHD Program, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto AlegreFederal University of Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil

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