Child Psychiatry and Human Development

, Volume 39, Issue 2, pp 147–170 | Cite as

Multivariate Models of Parent-Late Adolescent Gender Dyads: The Importance of Parenting Processes in Predicting Adjustment

  • Cliff McKinney
  • Kimberly Renk
Original Paper


Although parent-adolescent interactions have been examined, relevant variables have not been integrated into a multivariate model. As a result, this study examined a multivariate model of parent-late adolescent gender dyads in an attempt to capture important predictors in late adolescents’ important and unique transition to adulthood. The sample for this study consisted of 151 male and 324 female late adolescents, who reported on their mothers’ and fathers’ parenting style, their family environment, their mothers’ and fathers’ expectations for them, the conflict that they experience with their mothers and fathers, and their own adjustment. Overall, the variables had significant relationships with one another. Further, the male-father, male-mother, and female-father structural equation models that were examined suggested that parenting style has an indirect relationship with late adolescents’ adjustment through characteristics of the family environment and the conflict that is experienced in families; such findings were not evident for the female-mother model. Thus, the examination of parent-late adolescent interactions should occur in the context of the gender of parents and their late adolescents.


Late adolescents Parent-adolescent interactions Parenting Conflict Adjustment 


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Special thanks to Jack McGuire, Ph.D., and Valerie Sims, Ph.D., for reviewing previous versions of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA

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