Child Psychiatry and Human Development

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 89–102 | Cite as

Childrearing Style of Anxiety-Disordered Parents

  • Ingeborg Lindhout
  • Monica Markus
  • Thea Hoogendijk
  • Sophie Borst
  • Ragna Maingay
  • Philip Spinhoven
  • Richard van Dyck
  • Frits Boer
Original Paper


This study investigated whether anxiety-disordered (AD) parents differ in their childrearing style from non-disordered parents. A clinical sample of 36 AD parents with children aged 6–18 was compared with a normal control sample of 36 parents. Childrearing was assessed through parent report and child report. The results demonstrated significant differences in childrearing style between AD parents and non-disordered control parents, both from the perspective of the parent and from that of the child. AD parents reported a less nurturing and more restrictive rearing style than control parents. Their children did not report more rejection or less warmth than children of control parents; they did, however, report significantly more overprotection than children of control parents. The findings, from parental as well as child reports, apply to both AD mothers and AD fathers.


Parental anxiety disorders Childrearing style Parent report Child report 


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Thanks are due to T. Rombouts, and other staff members of the psychiatric clinics, and the participating patients and their families. Prof. Dr. Ph.D.A. Treffers has contributed valuable comments to this paper. We gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Y. van Wankum and clinical psychology graduate students in conducting this investigation. Completion of this study was facilitated by Grant 4105 from the Dutch National Fund for Mental Health.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ingeborg Lindhout
    • 1
    • 4
  • Monica Markus
    • 1
  • Thea Hoogendijk
    • 1
  • Sophie Borst
    • 1
  • Ragna Maingay
    • 1
  • Philip Spinhoven
    • 2
  • Richard van Dyck
    • 3
  • Frits Boer
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Academic Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Curium and Leiden University Medical CentreOegstgeestThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Clinical Health PsychologyUniversity of LeidenLeidenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry VU Medical Centre/GGZ BuitenAmstelFree UniversityAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Triversum, Centre for Child and Adolescent PsychiatryAlkmaar The Netherlands
  5. 5.AMC—De BasculeAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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