Chromosome Research

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 211–223 | Cite as

Intragenomic distribution of RTE retroelements suggests intrachromosomal movement

  • Eugenia E. Montiel
  • Francisco J. Ruiz-Ruano
  • Josefa Cabrero
  • Juan Alberto Marchal
  • Antonio Sánchez
  • Francisco Perfectti
  • María Dolores López-León
  • Juan Pedro M. CamachoEmail author


Much is known about the abundance of transposable elements (TEs) in eukaryotic genomes, but much is still unknown on their behaviour within cells. We employ here a combination of cytological, molecular and genomic approaches providing information on the intragenomic distribution and behaviour of non-long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposon-like elements (RTE). We microdissected every chromosome in a single first meiotic metaphase cell of the grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplified a fragment of the RTE reverse transcriptase gene with specific primers. PCR products were cloned and 139 clones were sequenced. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) showed significant intragenomic structure for these elements, with 4.6 % of molecular variance being found between chromosomes. A maximum likelihood tree built with the RTE sequences revealed the frequent presence of two or more elements showing very high similarity and being located on the same chromosome, thus suggesting intrachromosome movement. The 454 pyrosequencing of genomic DNA gave strong support to the microdissection results and provided evidence for the existence of 5′ truncated elements. Our results thus indicate a tendency of RTE elements to reinsert into the same chromosome from where they were transcribed, which could be achieved if retrotranscription and insertion takes place immediately after transcription.


454 sequencing Intrachromosomal Intragenomic Microdissection RTE Transposable elements 



Analysis of molecular variance


Deoxynucleoside triphosphate


Long interspersed nuclear element


Long terminal repeat


Open reading frame


Polymerase chain reaction


Non-LTR retrotransposon-like element


Short interspersed nuclear element


Transposable element



We thank Karl R. Meunier for the English review. This study was supported by the Plan Andaluz de Investigación (P10-CVI-6649), and was partially performed by FEDER funds.

Supplementary material

10577_2014_9461_Fig4_ESM.jpg (912 kb)
Fig. S1

Metaphase I cell from which all chromosomes were individually microdissected (JPEG 912 kb)

10577_2014_9461_Fig5_ESM.jpg (236 kb)
Fig. S2

Alignment of the RTE-1_EP and RTE-2_EP elements showing the anchoring sites of the primers used for the microdissection experiment. Note the absence of homology of these primers with the RTE-2_EP elements (JPEG 235 kb)

10577_2014_9461_MOESM1_ESM.doc (44 kb)
Table S1 (DOC 43 kb)
10577_2014_9461_MOESM2_ESM.doc (48 kb)
Table S2 (DOC 47 kb)
10577_2014_9461_MOESM3_ESM.doc (48 kb)
Table S3 (DOC 48 kb)
10577_2014_9461_MOESM4_ESM.doc (46 kb)
Table S4 (DOC 46 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eugenia E. Montiel
    • 1
  • Francisco J. Ruiz-Ruano
    • 1
  • Josefa Cabrero
    • 1
  • Juan Alberto Marchal
    • 2
  • Antonio Sánchez
    • 2
  • Francisco Perfectti
    • 1
  • María Dolores López-León
    • 1
  • Juan Pedro M. Camacho
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Departamento de Genética, Facultad de CienciasUniversidad de GranadaGranadaSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de Biología Experimental, Facultad de Ciencias ExperimentalesUniversidad de JaénJaénSpain

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