Chromosome Research

, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 365–373 | Cite as

The frequency of precocious segregation of sister chromatids in mouse female meiosis I is affected by genetic background

  • Anna Danylevska
  • Kristina Kovacovicova
  • Thuraya Awadova
  • Martin AngerEmail author


Mammalian female gametes frequently suffer from numerical chromosomal aberrations, the main cause of miscarriages and severe developmental defects. The underlying mechanisms responsible for the development of aneuploidy in oocytes are still not completely understood and remain a subject of extensive research. From studies focused on prevalence of aneuploidy in mouse oocytes, it has become obvious that reported rates of aneuploidy are strongly dependent on the method used for chromosome counting. In addition, it seems likely that differences between mouse strains could influence the frequency of aneuploidy as well; however, up till now, such a comparison has not been available. Therefore, in our study, we measured the levels of aneuploidy which has resulted from missegregation in meiosis I, in oocytes of three commonly used mouse strains—CD-1, C3H/HeJ, and C57BL/6. Our results revealed that, although the overall chromosomal numerical aberration rates were similar in all three strains, a different number of oocytes in each strain contained prematurely segregated sister chromatids (PSSC). This indicates that a predisposition for this type of chromosome segregation error in oocyte meiosis I is dependent on genetic background.


Meiosis Oocyte Aneuploidy Numerical chromosomal aberrations Precocious segregation of sister chromatids Chromosomes Univalents 



Comparative genomic hybridization


Cytostatic factor


Fluorescence in situ hybridization


Germinal vesicle


Germinal vesicle breakdown


Polar body


Prematurely segregated sister chromatids/precociously separated sister chromatids


Spindle assembly checkpoint



We are grateful to Jiri Rubes for helpful discussion and useful comments. This work was supported by Czech science foundation project P502/12/2201 and by MEYS projects ED1.1.00/02.0068—CEITEC, CZ.1.07/2.3.00/20.0213—CeDiLa, and LH 13072—Kontakt II.

Ethical standards

The authors declare that all experiments performed in this study comply with the current laws of the Czech Republic. All institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed.

Conflict of interest

The authors (A.D., K.K., T.A., and M.A.) declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10577_2014_9428_Fig5_ESM.gif (83 kb)
Supplemental Figure 1

Resolution of the superimposed or closely positioned kinetochores by 3D reconstruction. The left image shows a chromosome with a pair of superimposed kinetochores. The middle image presents the same chromosome rotated 90 degrees along the z-axis. The image on the right only shows the kinetochore channel of the same chromosome. Chromosomes (in red) stained with DAPI, kinetochores (in green) labeled by CREST antiserum. Scale bar represents 1 μm. (GIF 82 kb)

10577_2014_9428_MOESM1_ESM.tif (7.4 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 7571 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Danylevska
    • 1
  • Kristina Kovacovicova
    • 1
  • Thuraya Awadova
    • 1
  • Martin Anger
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Veterinary Research InstituteBrnoCzech Republic

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