Meiotic behaviour of a new complex X-Y-autosome translocation and amplified heterochromatin in Jumnos ruckeri (Saunders) (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Cetoniinae)
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- Macaisne, N., Dutrillaux, A.M. & Dutrillaux, B. Chromosome Res (2006) 14: 909. doi:10.1007/s10577-006-1098-6
Species belonging to the Cetoniinae subfamily studied so far possess 20 chromosomes, including a small X and a punctiform Y: 20,Xyp in the males. In a series of species from the Goliathini tribe under study we found a very unusual karyotype, with 12 autosomes and large sex chromosomes (14,neoXY) in Jumnos ruckieri from Thailand. Applying various techniques including pachytene bivalent spreading, we showed that 40% (mitotic and meiotic prophases) to 60% (metaphases) of the karyotype length was composed of heterochromatin. Both sex chromosomes were NOR carriers. At pachynema they underwent a complete synapsis of their distal regions, indicating their autosomal origin. At contrast, their very uneven central regions remained separated, but associated with nucleolus material. This association persisted until diakinesis, forming a pseudo-chiasma between the neoX and the neoY, which were always in end-to-end association. Compared to free autosomes the autosomal parts of the neo-sex chromosomes had a significant lack of interstitial chiasmata, indicating a possible lack of recombination at their proximal regions. As in the cases of X-autosome translocations in mammals, autosomal and gonosomal parts of the neo-sex chromosomes were insulated by heterochromatin, which may be a necessary condition to avoid deleterious position effects, whatever the mechanisms of gene dosage compensation.