Experimental investigation of gasless detonation in metal-sulfur compositions
- First Online:
- 78 Downloads
Samples of zinc-sulfur and manganese-sulfur mixtures are shocked using an explosive pentolite charge to investigate if a shock-initiated reaction is able to support continued shock wave propagation. Samples of two different nominal densities (62 and 86% of theoretical maximum density) are prepared as weakly confined cylinders 50 mm in diameter and are instrumented along their length (⩽280 mm) with sensitive piezoelectric pins. Experimental results showed that the shock wave transmitted into the sample by the explosive rapidly decays to an acoustic wave in all four sample types. Furthermore, in denser samples, the part of the sample farthest from the explosive is recovered intact and unreacted, which clearly indicates that the wave is unable to trigger reactions after 100 mm of travel along the sample. Thus, it is concluded that insufficient reaction energy is transmitted forward to the shock wave to prevent its decay as it travels along the sample.
Key wordsgasless detonation shock wave zinc-sulfur mixture manganese-sulfur mixture
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 3.W. Fickett and W. C. Davis, Detonation: Theory and Experiment, University of California Press (1979).Google Scholar
- 6.J. Jiang, S. Goroshin, and J. H. S. Lee, “Shock wave induced chemical reaction in Mn + S mixture,” in: Proc. of the APS Shock Compression of Condensed Matter (1997), pp. 655–658.Google Scholar
- 7.J. H. S. Lee, S. Goroshin, A. Yoshinaka, M. Romano, J. Jiang, I. Hooton, and F. Zhang, “Attempts to initiate detonations in metal-sulphur mixtures,” in: Proc. of the APS Shock Compression of Condensed Matter (1999), pp. 775–778.Google Scholar
- 14.W. Mock (Jr.) and W. H. Holt, “Impact initiation of rods of pressed polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and aluminum powders,” in: Proc. of the APS Shock Compression of Condensed Matter (2005), pp. 1097–1100.Google Scholar
- 15.F. X. Jetté, S. Goroshin, and A. J. Higgins, “Shock reactivity of non-porous mixtures of manganese and sulfur,” in: Proc. of the APS Shock Compression of Condensed Matter (2007), pp. 1033–1036.Google Scholar
- 16.G. Asch, Les Capteurs en Instrumentation Industrielle, Dunod (1982).Google Scholar
- 18.S. S. Batsanov, Effects of Explosions on Materials, Springer-Verlag (1994).Google Scholar
- 19.F. X. Jetté, S. Goroshin, and A. J. Higgins, “Timeresolved temperature measurements of shock initiation in a manganese-sulfur mixture,” in: Proc. of the APS Shock Compression of Condensed Matter (2007), pp. 1037–1040.Google Scholar