Splitting flames in a narrow channel with a temperature gradient in the walls
A possibility of simultaneous formation of two chemical reaction fronts during nonstationary combustion of a gas in a microchannel with a temperature gradient in the walls is demonstrated. Combustion in a straight tube and in a gap between two disks with radial fuel injection is considered. In both cases, the characteristic transverse size of the channel is smaller than the critical diameter determined for the ambient temperature, and gas combustion occurs in the region where the wall temperature is higher than the ambient temperature. A numerical study of flame repetitive extinction/ignition (FREI) demonstrated a possibility of simultaneous formation of two chemical reaction fronts in the hot region of the channel. One front corresponds to conventional flame propagating upstream from the hot to the cold part of the channel, and the other front moves in the downstream direction and decays as the fuel burns out. Based on this study, a new mechanism of ignition and incomplete combustion of the combustible mixture in microsystems is proposed.
Key wordsmicrocombustion instability ignition incomplete combustion of the mixture
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