Combustion, Explosion and Shock Waves

, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 177–184 | Cite as

Effect of the passivating coating type, particle size, and storage time on oxidation and nitridation of aluminum powders

  • A. A. Gromov
  • A. P. Il’in
  • U. Foerter-Barth
  • U. Teipel


Processes of nonisothermal oxidation, nitridation, and ageing of aluminum powders with different particle sizes (nano-sized powder, ASD-1 powder, and PAP-2 powder) are considered. Application of non-oxide coatings onto particles of aluminum nanopowders reduces their thermal stability. Owing to scale-shaped particles, the PAP-2 powder after long-time storage preserves high activity of oxidation and nitridation, which is commensurable with that of the aluminum nanopowder. The activity of the coarse ASD-1 powder consisting of spherical particles in terms of oxidation and nitridation is low and only slightly changes during ageing.

Key words

aluminum powders non-oxide coatings oxidation ageing nitridation air 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. P. Il’in, A. A. Gromov, and G. V. Yablunovskii, “Reactivity of aluminum powders,” Combust., Expl., Shock Waves, 37, No. 4, 418–422 (2001).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. Eisenreich, H. Fietzek, M. M. Juez-Lorenzo, et al., “On the mechanism of low temperature oxidation for aluminum particles down to the nano-scale,” Propell., Expl., Pyrotech., 29, No. 3, 137–145 (2004).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. E. G. Jones, R. Turcotte, R. C. Fouchard, et al., “Hazard characterization of aluminum nanopowder compositions,” Propell., Expl., Pyrotech., 28, No. 3, 120–131 (2003).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Maranda, A. Papilski, and D. Galezowski, “Investigation on detonation and thermochemical parameters of aluminized ANFO,” Energ. Mater., 21, 1–13 (2003).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yu. F. Ivanov, M. N. Osmonoliev, V. S. Sedoi, et al., “Productions of ultra-fine powders and their use in high energetic compositions,” Propell., Expl., Pyrotech., 28, No. 6, 319–333 (2003).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. P. Il’in and A. A. Gromov, Combustion of Aluminum and Boron in a Superthin State [in Russian], Izd. Tomsk. Univ., Tomsk (2002).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. I. Rat’ko, V. E. Romanenkov, E. V. Bolotnikova, and Zh. V. Krupen’kova, “Hydrothermal synthesis of a porous cermet material Al2O3/Al. I. Laws of oxidation of powdered aluminum and formation of the structure of the porous composite Al(OH)3/Al,” Kinet. Katal., 45, No. 1, 154–161 (2004).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. C. Sanchez-Lopez, A. Fernandez, C. F. Conde, et al., “The melting behavior of passivated nanocrystalline aluminum,” Nanostruct. Mater., 7, No. 8, 813–822 (1996).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. N. Zhigach, O. I. Leipunskii, M. L. Kuskov, et al., “Synthesis of coatings on the surface of ultrafine aluminum particles,” Khim. Fiz., 21, No. 4, 72–78 (2002).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. L. Ramaswamy and P. Kaste, “Combustion modifiers for energetic materials,” in: Energetic Materials: Reactions of Propellants, Explosives and Pyrotechnics, Proc. 34th Int. Annual Conf. of ICT (June 24–27, Karlsruhe, 2003), Karlsruhe (2003), pp. (21-1)–(21-15).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Y. S. Kwon, A. A. Gromov, A. P. Ilyin, and G. H. Rim, “Passivation process for superfine aluminum powders obtained by electrical explosion of wires,” Appl. Surface Sci., 211, 57–67 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Y. S. Kwon, Y. H. Jung, N. A. Yavorovsky, et al., “Ultrafine metal powders by wires electric explosion method,” Scripta Mater., 44, 2247–2251 (2001).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. P. Il’in, Yu. A. Krasnyatov, and D. B. Tikhonov, “Method for obtaining powders,” Patent of the Russian Federation No. 2139776.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    B. Leo and A. W. Searcy, “The gaseous species of the Al-Al2O3 system,” J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 73, 5308–5314 (1951).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Gromov
    • 1
  • A. P. Il’in
    • 1
  • U. Foerter-Barth
    • 2
  • U. Teipel
    • 2
  1. 1.Tomsk Polytechnic UniversityTomsk
  2. 2.Fraunhofer Institute of Chemical TechnologyPfinztalGermany

Personalised recommendations