Combustion, Explosion and Shock Waves

, Volume 41, Issue 6, pp 766–776

Shock Initiation of Energetic Materials at Different Initial Temperatures (Review)

  • P. A. Urtiew
  • C. M. Tarver

DOI: 10.1007/s10573-005-0085-0

Cite this article as:
Urtiew, P.A. & Tarver, C.M. Combust Explos Shock Waves (2005) 41: 766. doi:10.1007/s10573-005-0085-0


Shock initiation is one of the most important properties of energetic materials, which must transition to detonation exactly as intended when intentionally shocked and not detonate when accidentally shocked. The development of Manganin pressure gauges that are placed inside the explosive charge and record the buildup of pressure upon shock impact has greatly increased the knowledge of these reactive flows. This experimental data, together with similar data from electromagnetic particle velocity gauges, has allowed us to formulate the Ignition and Growth model of shock initiation and detonation in hydrodynamic computer codes for predictions of shock initiation scenarios that cannot be tested experimentally. An important problem in shock initiation of solid explosives is the change in sensitivity that occurs upon heating (or cooling). Experimental Manganin pressure gauge records and the corresponding Ignition and Growth model calculations are presented for two solid explosives, LX-17 [92.5% triaminotrinitrobenzene (TATB) with 7.5% Kel-F binder] and LX-04 [85% octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazine (HMX) with 15% Viton binder] at several initial temperatures.

Key words

detonation shock initiation at different initial temperatures energetic materials plastic-bonded explosives modeling of initiation LX-04 LX-17 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. A. Urtiew
    • 1
  • C. M. Tarver
    • 1
  1. 1.Energetic Materials Center, Lawrence Livermore National LaboratoryLivermoreUSA

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