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Evaluation of catalytic activity of cellulose films decorated with gold nanoparticles in the reduction of 4-nitrophenol

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Cellulose, due to its low cost, abundance, and biodegradability, has been considered a good choice of support gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). AuNPs based nanomaterials are efficient catalysts for many reactions, including the 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) reduction, which is used in many preparations of chemical and pharmaceutical industries and has toxic effects in living organisms. The cellulose film containing gold nanoparticles was prepared by spin coating a viscous solution of dissolved microcrystalline cellulose in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride, followed by regeneration of the cellulose matrix as a film with water addition. Then, the as-prepared film was immersed in an aqueous dispersion of AuNPs, resulting in a red film containing AuNPs with diameters around 10 nm homogeneously dispersed in the polymeric matrix. This film showed great catalytic activity for the reduction of 4-NP to 4-aminophenol using NaBH4, and it was efficient during five cycles. The catalyst prepared in this study has the advantage of being easily isolated from the reaction medium, avoiding processes of centrifugation or filtration for isolation and reuse.

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This study was financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior—Brasil (CAPES)—Finance Code 001. The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from FAPESP (Grant Number 2018/20826-4), professor Vera Constantino (IQ-USP) for the use of the Zeta potential equipment and Brazilian Nanotechnology National Laboratory (LNNano) for the XPS experiments (Project Number XPS - 24897).

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Correspondence to Fernanda Ferraz Camilo.

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Cabreira, C.R., Camilo, F.F. Evaluation of catalytic activity of cellulose films decorated with gold nanoparticles in the reduction of 4-nitrophenol. Cellulose (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-020-03049-1

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  • Regenerated cellulose films
  • Gold nanoparticles
  • 4-Nitrophenol
  • Catalysis