Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Evaluation of catalytic activity of cellulose films decorated with gold nanoparticles in the reduction of 4-nitrophenol

  • 16 Accesses

Abstract

Cellulose, due to its low cost, abundance, and biodegradability, has been considered a good choice of support gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). AuNPs based nanomaterials are efficient catalysts for many reactions, including the 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) reduction, which is used in many preparations of chemical and pharmaceutical industries and has toxic effects in living organisms. The cellulose film containing gold nanoparticles was prepared by spin coating a viscous solution of dissolved microcrystalline cellulose in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride, followed by regeneration of the cellulose matrix as a film with water addition. Then, the as-prepared film was immersed in an aqueous dispersion of AuNPs, resulting in a red film containing AuNPs with diameters around 10 nm homogeneously dispersed in the polymeric matrix. This film showed great catalytic activity for the reduction of 4-NP to 4-aminophenol using NaBH4, and it was efficient during five cycles. The catalyst prepared in this study has the advantage of being easily isolated from the reaction medium, avoiding processes of centrifugation or filtration for isolation and reuse.

Graphic abstract

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10

References

  1. Ahmed Zelekew O, Kuo DH (2016) A two-oxide nanodiode system made of double-layered p-type Ag2O@n-type TiO2 for rapid reduction of 4-nitrophenol. Phys Chem Chem Phys 18(6):4405–4414. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5cp07320k

  2. Chen M, Kang H, Gong Y, Guo J, Zhang H, Liu R (2015) Bacterial cellulose supported gold nanoparticles with excellent catalytic properties. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7(39):21717–21726. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.5b07150

  3. Ciolacu D, Ciolacu F, Popa VI (2011) Amorphous cellulose—structure and characterization. Cellul Chem Technol 45:13–21

  4. Corma A, Garcia H (2008) Supported gold nanoparticles as catalysts for organic reactions. Chem Soc Rev 37(9):2096–2126. https://doi.org/10.1039/b707314n

  5. Daniel MCM, Astruc D (2004) Gold nanoparticles: assembly, supramolecular chemistry, quantum-size related properties and applications toward biology. Catal Nanotechnol Chem Rev 104(1):293–346. https://doi.org/10.1021/cr030698

  6. Dong F, Guo W, Park S-K, Ha C-S (2012) Controlled synthesis of novel cyanopropyl polysilsesquioxane hollow spheres loaded with highly dispersed Au nanoparticles for catalytic applications. Chem Commun 48(8):1108–1110. https://doi.org/10.1039/C1CC14831A

  7. Eustis S, El-Sayed MA (2006) Why gold nanoparticles are more precious than pretty gold: Noble metal surface plasmon resonance and its enhancement of the radiative and nonradiative properties of nanocrystals of different shapes. Chem Soc Rev 35(3):209–217. https://doi.org/10.1039/b514191e

  8. Gavillon R, Budtova T (2007) Kinetics of cellulose regeneration from cellulose–NaOH–water gels and comparison with cellulose-N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide-water solutions. Biomacromol 8(2):424–432. https://doi.org/10.1021/bm060376q

  9. Ghosh P, Han G, De M, Kim CK, Rotello VM (2008) Gold nanoparticles in delivery applications. Adv Drug Deliv Rev 60(11):1307–1315. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addr.2008.03.016

  10. Gu J, Shi J, Xiong L, Chen H, Li L, Ruan M (2004) A new strategy to incorporate high density gold nanowires into the channels of mesoporous silica thin films by electroless deposition. Solid State Sci 6(7):747–752. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solidstatesciences.2004.03.034

  11. Herreros-López A, Hadad C, Yate L, Alshatwi AA, Vicentini N, Carofiglio T, Prato M (2016) Synthesis and catalytic activity of gold nanoparticles supported on dendrimeric nanocellulose hybrids. Eur J Org Chem 2016(19):3186–3192. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejoc.201600148

  12. Huang X, El-Sayed MA (2010) Gold nanoparticles: optical properties and implementations in cancer diagnosis and photothermal therapy. J Adv Res 1(1):13–28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jare.2010.02.002

  13. Kabashin AV, Meunier M (2003) Synthesis of colloidal nanoparticles during femtosecond laser ablation of gold in water. J Appl Phys 94(12):7941–7943. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1626793

  14. Kaboudin B, Khanmohammadi H, Kazemi F (2017) Polymer supported gold nanoparticles: synthesis and characterization of functionalized polystyrene-supported gold nanoparticles and their application in catalytic oxidation of alcohols in water. Appl Surf Sci 425:400–406. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.07.033

  15. Klemm D, Heublein B, Fink HP, Bohn A (2005) Cellulose: fascinating biopolymer and sustainable raw material. Angewandte Chemie Int Ed 44(22):3358–3393. https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.200460587

  16. Lam E, Hrapovic S, Majid E, Chong JH, Luong JHT (2012) Catalysis using gold nanoparticles decorated on nanocrystalline cellulose. Nanoscale 4(3):997. https://doi.org/10.1039/c2nr11558a

  17. Li G, Jin R (2013) Catalysis by gold nanoparticles: carbon–carbon coupling reactions. Nanotechnol Rev 2(5):529–545. https://doi.org/10.1515/ntrev-2013-0020

  18. Li J, Liu CY, Liu Y (2012) Au/graphene hydrogel: Synthesis, characterization and its use for catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol. J Mater Chem 22(17):8426–8430. https://doi.org/10.1039/c2jm16386a

  19. Liu Zhiming, Li M, Turyanska L, Makarovsky O, Patanè A, Wu W, Mann S (2010) Self-assembly of electrically conducting biopolymer thin films by cellulose regeneration in gold nanoparticle aqueous dispersions. Chem Mater 22(8):2675–2680. https://doi.org/10.1021/cm1001863

  20. Liu Zhen, Wang H, Li Z, Lu X, Zhang X, Zhang S, Zhou K (2011) Characterization of the regenerated cellulose films in ionic liquids and rheological properties of the solutions. Mater Chem Phys 128(1–2):220–227. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2011.02.062

  21. McFarland AD, Haynes CL, Mirkin CA, Van Duyne RP, Godwin HA (2004) Color My nanoworld. J Chem Educ 81(4):544A. https://doi.org/10.1021/ed081p544A

  22. Niu T, Xu J, Xiao W, Huang J (2014) Cellulose-based catalytic membranes fabricated by deposition of gold nanoparticles on natural cellulose nanofibres. RSC Adv 4(10):4901–4904. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3ra44622k

  23. Pang J, Wu M, Zhang Q, Tan X, Xu F, Zhang X, Sun R (2015) Comparison of physical properties of regenerated cellulose films fabricated with different cellulose feedstocks in ionic liquid. Carbohyd Polym 121:71–78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.11.067

  24. Park ED, Lee JS (1999) Effects of pretreatment conditions on CO oxidation over supported Au catalysts. J Catal 186(1):1–11. https://doi.org/10.1006/jcat.1999.2531

  25. Pissuwan D, Valenzuela SM, Cortie MB (2006) Therapeutic possibilities of plasmonically heated gold nanoparticles. Trends Biotechnol 24(2):62–67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tibtech.2005.12.004

  26. Saha S, Pal A, Kundu S, Basu S, Pal T (2010) Photochemical green synthesis of calcium-alginate-stabilized ag and au nanoparticles and their catalytic application to 4-nitrophenol reduction. Langmuir 26(4):2885–2893. https://doi.org/10.1021/la902950x

  27. Wilkes JS, Levisky JA, Wilson RA, Hussey CL (1982) Dialkylimidazolium. Encycl Lubr Lubr 237(1980):374. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-22647-2_100172

  28. Wu X, Lu C, Zhou Z, Yuan G, Xiong R, Zhang X (2014) Green synthesis and formation mechanism of cellulose nanocrystal-supported gold nanoparticles with enhanced catalytic performance. Environ Sci Nano 1(1):71–79. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3en00066d

  29. Zhang L, Ruan D, Zhou J (2001) Structure and properties of regenerated cellulose films prepared from cotton linters in NaOH/urea aqueous solution. Ind Eng Chem Res 40:5923–5928. https://doi.org/10.1021/ie0010417

  30. Zhang H, Fei C, Zhang D, Tang F (2007) Degradation of 4-nitrophenol in aqueous medium by electro-Fenton method. J Hazard Mater 145(1–2):227–232. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.11.016

  31. Zhang Z, Shao C, Zou P, Zhang P, Zhang M, Mu J et al (2011) In situ assembly of well-dispersed gold nanoparticles on electrospun silica nanotubes for catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol. Chem Commun 47(13):3906–3908. https://doi.org/10.1039/c0cc05693f

  32. Zhu S, Wu Y, Chen Q, Yu Z, Wang C, Jin S et al (2006) Dissolution of cellulose with ionic liquids and its application: a mini-review. Green Chem 8(4):325–327. https://doi.org/10.1039/b601395c

  33. Zhu J, Shen Y, Xie A, Qiu L, Zhang Q, Zhang S (2007) Photoinduced synthesis of anisotropic gold nanoparticles in room-temperature ionic liquid. J Phys Chem C 111(21):7629–7633. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp0711850

Download references

Acknowledgments

This study was financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior—Brasil (CAPES)—Finance Code 001. The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from FAPESP (Grant Number 2018/20826-4), professor Vera Constantino (IQ-USP) for the use of the Zeta potential equipment and Brazilian Nanotechnology National Laboratory (LNNano) for the XPS experiments (Project Number XPS - 24897).

Author information

Correspondence to Fernanda Ferraz Camilo.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Cabreira, C.R., Camilo, F.F. Evaluation of catalytic activity of cellulose films decorated with gold nanoparticles in the reduction of 4-nitrophenol. Cellulose (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-020-03049-1

Download citation

Keywords

  • Regenerated cellulose films
  • Gold nanoparticles
  • 4-Nitrophenol
  • Catalysis