Magnetic paper sheets were prepared from bleached sugarcane bagasse fibers and cobalt ferrite nanoparticles by lumen loading method. Sugarcane bagasse is an important fibrous raw material widely used worldwide for papermaking, whereas cobalt ferrite nanoparticles is an appropriate material for fibers modification given their magnetic properties. Cobalt ferrite nanoparticles were synthetized by coprecipitation method and coated with silica by hydrolysis and condensation of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) molecules. Then, silica coated magnetic nanoparticles were functionalized with polyethylenimine (PEI), as retention aid, by electrostatic bonding. It was observed that the loading degree of magnetic fibers depends on nanoparticles concentration and PEI dosage, which was determined by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Scanning electron microscope (SEM) shows the deposition of coated nanoparticles on the surface and into macropores of fibers. All samples exhibited ferromagnetic behavior. The coercivity values of magnetic fibers are higher than 0.2 kOe. This indicates that these fibers could be used to produce paper for magnetic recording purposes. Magnetic papers with 10 and 20% of modified fibers were manufactured. Brightness and tensile index of papers were decreased with the rise of loading degree. CIEL*a*b analysis shows the color differences between unmodified and modified papers.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Calero-DdelC V, Rinaldi C (2007) Synthesis and magnetic characterization of cobalt-substituted ferrite (CoxFe3−xO4) nanoparticles. J Magn Magn Mater 314:60–67
Calvo S, Arias N, Giraldo O, Rosales-Rivera A, Moscoso O (2012) Thermal and magnetic behavior of Angustifolia Kunth bamboo fibers covered with Fe3O4 particles. Phys B Condens Matter 407:3267–3270
Chia C, Zakaria S, Nguyen K, Abdullah M (2008) Utilisation of unbleached kenaf fibers for the preparation of magnetic paper. Ind Crops Prod 28:333–339
Chia C, Zakaria S, Goh S, Chan C (2013) Layer-by-layer deposition of CoFe2O4 nanocrystals onto unbleached pulp fibers for producing magnetic paper. Int J Inst Mater Malays 1:73–89
Chithra M, Anumol C, Sahoo S (2016) Effect of surface coating on magnetic properties of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles. In: AIP conference proceedings, vol 1728, no 1. AIP Publishing, p 020359
Covaliu C, Jitaru I, Paraschiv G, Vasile E, Biriş S, Diamandescu L, Ionita V, Iovu H (2013) Core–shell hybrid nanomaterials based on CoFe2O4 particles coated with PVP or PEG biopolymers for applications in biomedicine. Powder Technol 237:415–426
Dippong T, Cadar O, Levei E, Bibicu I, Diamandescu L, Leostean C, Lazar M, Borodi G, Tudoran L (2017) Structure and magnetic properties of CoFe2O4/SiO2 nanocomposites obtained by sol-gel and post annealing pathways. Ceram Int 43:2113–2122
Gao D, Ma J, Li Z, Liu J (2014) Preparation and characterization of a new white magnetic paper. Mater Lett 137:487–490
García-Marino M, Escudero-Gilete M, Heredia F, Escribano-Bailón M, Rivas-Gonzalo J (2013) Color-copigmentation study by tristimulus colorimetry (CIELAB) in red wines obtained from Tempranillo and Graciano varieties. Food Res Int 51:123–131
González I, Boufi S, Pèlach M, Alcalà M, Vilaseca F, Mutjé P (2012) Nanofibrillated cellulose as paper additive in eucalyptus pulps. BioResources 7:5167–5180
Herrera A, Polo-Corrales L, Chavez E, Cabarcas-Bolivar J, Uwakweh O, Rinaldi C (2013) Influence of aging time of oleate precursor on the magnetic relaxation of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles synthesized by the thermal decomposition method. J Magn Magn Mater 328:41–52
Herrera A, Reyes A, Colina-Márquez J (2016a) Evaluation of the photocatalytic activity of iron oxide nanoparticles functionalized with titanium dioxide. J Phys Conf Ser 687(1):012034
Herrera A, Vela L, Morales G (2016b) Synthesis of magnetic nanoparticles coated with covalently bonded carboxymethyl cellulose. Int J ChemTech Res 9:602–607
Khan M, Ueno K, Horimoto S, Komai F, Someya T, Inoue K, Tanaka K, Ono Y (2009) CIELAB color variables as indicators of compost stability. Waste Manag 29:2969–2975
Khorrami G, Zak A, Kompany A (2012) Optical and structural properties of X-doped (X = Mn, Mg, and Zn) PZT nanoparticles by Kramers–Kronig and size strain plot methods. Ceram Int 38:5683–5690
Kumar P, Negi Y, Singh S (2011) Filler loading in the lumen or/and cell wall of fibers—a literature review. BioResources 6:3526–3546
Long Z, Li H, Yang X, Liang H (2009) Study on preparation and characterization of magnetic paper with bleached chemical pulp. In: 2009 CISP’09 2nd international congress on image and signal processing. IEEE, pp 1–4
McGrath J, Beck M, Hill M Jr (2017) Replicating Red: analysis of ceramic slip color with CIELAB color data. J Archaeol Sci Rep 14:432–438
Munawar R, Zakaria S, Radiman S, Hua C, Abdullah M, Yamauchi T (2010) Properties of magnetic paper prepared via in situ synthesis method. Sains Malays 39:593–598
Novo L, Bras J, Belgacem M, da Silva Aprigio, Curvelo A (2018) Pulp and paper from sugarcane: properties of rind and core fractions. J Renew Mater 6(2):160–168
Păcurariu C, Tăculescu E, Ianoş R, Marinică O, Mihali C, Socoliuc V (2015) Synthesis and characterization of γ-Fe2O3/SiO2 composites as possible candidates for magnetic paper manufacture. Ceram Int 41:1079–1085
Pereira P, Voorwald H, Cioffi M, Mullinari D, Da Luz S, Da Silva M (2011) Sugarcane bagasse pulping and bleaching: thermal and chemical characterization. BioResources 6:2471–2482
Rohilla S, Kumar S, Aghamkar P, Sunder S, Agarwal A (2011) Investigations on structural and magnetic properties of cobalt ferrite/silica nanocomposites prepared by the coprecipitation method. J Magn Magn Mater 323:897–902
Safi R, Ghasemi A, Shoja-Razavi R, Tavousi M (2015) The role of pH on the particle size and magnetic consequence of cobalt ferrite. J Magn Magn Mater 396:288–294
Sajjia M, Oubaha M, Hasanuzzaman M, Olabi A (2014) Developments of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles prepared by the sol–gel process. Ceram Int 40:1147–1154
Tappi T205 sp-02 (2000) Forming handsheets for physical tests of pulp. Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry 205
Tappi T220 sp-01 (2001) Physical testing of pulp handsheets. Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry 220
Tappi T227 om-99 (1999) Freeness of pulp (Canadian standard method). Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry 227
Tatarchuk T, Paliychuk N, Bououdina M, Al-Najar B, Pacia M, Macyk W, Shyichuk A (2018) Effect of cobalt substitution on structural, elastic, magnetic and optical properties of zinc ferrite nanoparticles. J Alloys Compd 731:1256–1266
Vinosha A, Mely A, Jeronsia E, Raja K, Sahaya Q, Tamilarsi D, Fernandez A, Krishnan S, Das J (2016) Investigation of optical, electrical and magnetic properties of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles by naive co-precipitation technique. Optik 127:9917–9925
Wu W, Jing Y, Gong M, Zhou X, Dai H (2011) Preparation and properties of magnetic cellulose fiber composites. BioResources 6:3396–3409
Zakaria S, Ong B, Van de Ven T (2004a) Lumen loading magnetic paper I: flocculation. Colloids Surf A 251:1–4
Zakaria S, Ong B, Van de Ven T (2004b) Lumen loading magnetic paper II: mechanism and kinetics. Colloids Surf A 251:31–36
Zakaria S, Ong B, Ahmad S, Abdullah M, Yamauchi T (2005) Preparation of lumen-loaded kenaf pulp with magnetite (Fe3O4). Mater Chem Phys 89:216–220
We would like to acknowledge the financial support of this project from Universidad de Cartagena (Grant No. 009-2015) and Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. Additionally, we are grateful to Prof. Juan Hinestroza from Cornell University and PhD student David Patiño from Universidad de Cartagena for performing TEM measurements, as well as Prof. Sandra Correa of Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana for SEM images.
Conflict of interest
The authors have declared that no conflicting interests exist.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Piñeres, O.H., Salcedo, E.C., Herrera, A.P. et al. Magnetic paper from sugarcane bagasse fibers modified with cobalt ferrite nanoparticles. Cellulose (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-020-03042-8
- Cobalt ferrite nanoparticles
- Bleached sugarcane bagasse fibers
- Lumen loading
- Magnetic paper sheets