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Plasma activation toward multi-stimuli responsive cotton fabric via in situ development of polyaniline derivatives and silver nanoparticles

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Abstract

Cotton fabrics have been known as one of the most common fibers due to its high absorption ability to chemicals, cheapness and high strength. The functionalization of natural fabrics with conductive polymers can produce conductive surfaces of high-performance textile with multifunctional properties. In the current work, conductive natural high-performance fabric was prepared by plasma assisted coating of cotton fabrics with different conductive polymers in presence or absence of silver nanoparticles. Nanostructured thin layer of polyaniline derivative was prepared in situ after plasma activation technique. Silver nanoparticles were deposited from silver nitrate solution by taking advantage of reduction capability of the conductive polymers. By changing the type of conductive polymer and the incorporation of silver nanoparticles, high-performance fabrics with altered or improved multifunctional properties were obtained including antibacterial, electrical conductivity, thermochromism, acid sensitivity and responsiveness to metal ions for a variety of potential purposes, such as biomedical, geo-textile and antistatic applications.

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Acknowledgments

Technical support from National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt; is gratefully acknowledged.

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Correspondence to H. Ahmed or Mohamed Rehan.

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Ahmed, H., Khattab, T.A., Mashaly, H.M. et al. Plasma activation toward multi-stimuli responsive cotton fabric via in situ development of polyaniline derivatives and silver nanoparticles. Cellulose (2020) doi:10.1007/s10570-020-02980-7

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Keywords

  • Poly (p-nitroaniline)
  • Silver nanoparticles
  • Plasma
  • Multi-stimuli responsive
  • Cotton fabric