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Ecofriendly green biosynthesis of bacterial cellulose by Komagataeibacter xylinus B2-1 using the shell extract of Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn. as culture medium

  • Yong-He Han
  • Hai-Long Mao
  • Shan-Shan WangEmail author
  • Jia-Cong Deng
  • Deng-Long ChenEmail author
  • Min LiEmail author
Original Research


Ecofriendly green biosynthesis of bacterial cellulose (BC) using a low-cost carbon source from the shell extract of Sapindus mukorossi was studied by Komagataeibacter xylinus B2-1. After 7 d of incubation, strain B2-1 produced 1.31 g L−1 BC, which had similar micro-morphology and structural properties to that from Hestrin–Schramm medium based on scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared analyses. While strain B2-1 grew well and produced BC efficiently at pHs ranging from 4.0 to 6.0, the considerable BC production was only found at temperature of 30 °C. The present investigation can provide a new low-cost carbon source for BC preparation and lead towards commercialization and industrial scale up BC.

Graphic abstract


Green chemistry Bacterial cellulose Low-cost carbon source Sapindus mukorossi Komagataeibacter xylinus Bioresource technology 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41807110), the Research Start-up Fund of Fujian Normal University (Z0210509), the Science and Technology Program of Fujian Province (2017Y0027), the Special Fund of Quangang Petrochemical Research Institute of Fujian Normal University (2017YJY13), the Education Department Fund of Fujian Province (JAT170144), the Key Technology Research and Development Platform of Synthetic Resin Functionalization of Fujian Province (2014H2003) and the Key Research and Development Platform of Advanced Polymer Materials (2016G003). The authors thank for the help from Mrs Xiao-Xia Shi and Dr. Yu-Xuan Ye at School of the Environment of Nanjing University for SEM and FTIR analysis, respectively. The constructive comments and suggestions from Dr. Alfred D. French, the Editor-in-Chief of Cellulose, to correct the mistakes of XRD work are greatly appreciated.

Author contributions

Conceptualization, S-SW and Y-HH; Data curation, Y-HH, H-LM, S-SW and J-CD; Funding acquisition, Y-HH, S-SW, D-LC and ML; Investigation, H-LM, Y-HH, S-SW; Methodology, Y-HH, H-LM, S-SW and ML; Supervision, D-LC and ML; Writing—original draft, Y-HH, H-LM, S-SW D-LC and ML; Writing—review & editing, Y-HH, H-LM, S-SW, J-CD, D-LC and ML

Compliance with ethical standard

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Quangang Petrochemical Research InstituteFujian Normal UniversityQuanzhouChina
  2. 2.College of Environmental Science and EngineeringFujian Normal UniversityFuzhouChina
  3. 3.Fujian Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource ReuseFuzhouChina
  4. 4.Fujian Provincial Key Lab of Coastal Basin EnvironmentFuqing Branch of Fujian Normal UniversityFuqingChina
  5. 5.College of Life ScienceFujian Normal UniversityFuzhouChina
  6. 6.The Innovative Center for Eco-Friendly Polymeric Materials of Fujian ProvinceQuanzhouChina

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